Category Archives: Bed Bugs Quebec

  Quebec, Canada Bed Bug Registry Map
  Tuesday 22nd of June 2021 01:20 AM

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As tenants suffer in Pandemic, the Quebec government must take action to control rent – The Suburban Newspaper

The Rental Board, now called the Tribunal administrative du logement (TAL), turned 40 years old this October. The TAL, first created to arbitrate the imbalance in power between tenants and landlords, continues to fail in its duties to protect tenants and the rental housing market. The historical dysfunction of Quebecs housing tribunal only becomes more concerning as tenants face an unprecedented crisis, brought on by a global pandemic, a lack of social housing, and out-of-control rents in the private market.

For years now, the Greater Montreal housing market has been gradually tightening, with last years vacancy rate breaking a 15-year record low with only 1.5% of apartments available, while at the same time, the average rent increased by 3.6%, the highest increase in recent years. Add on the financial losses faced by tenants during a global lockdown, and the result is that vulnerable and precarious populations living in the metropolis are being choked out.

The reality is undeniable. Against the backdrop of this housing crisis, homelessness has doubled in our city, and still more barely manage to avoid it. Tenants seeking the help of our organization face a newly hostile rental market, leaving many of our service users caught between the impossible choice of hanging onto their still-affordable but unsafe, substandard apartments, or trying their luck in a housing market where affordable options have all but disappeared.

We see a lot of people who get caught in a cycle of not being able to pay their rent on time. This often results in eviction, after which they are faced with finding new housing that is even less affordable, Anne Favory, a social rights worker at Project Genesis explains. In other cases, vulnerable tenants end up being at the mercy of their landlord, who know that they can get away with not doing repairs or fixing vermin issues since the tenant cant afford anything better.

Bridgejet, a Project Genesis service user who has had bedbugs since February, knows this firsthand. My daughters skin is damaged by the bug bites. I keep buying medication, but nothing works. If I try to move, I'm going to have to pay almost $2000, and Im a single mother, I cant afford that. Bridgejet lives in a 4 with her three children and pays $880 a month. She would like to keep her apartment as she faces discrimination when looking for a new place to live. Landlords do not like the colour of my skin and the fact that I have children, she explains. All of this, of course, is compounded by her financial reality: If I take one of these apartments, I'm going to end up homeless because I cant pay the rent.

The provincial government recently made a number of important changes to the Tribunal, a body whose mission includes presiding over the conservation of the housing stock. In the current housing and economic crisis, Project Genesis, a member of the Regroupement des comits logement et associations de locataires du Qubec (RCLALQ), demands that the provincial government take steps to implement rent control, ending the current cycle of insufficient affordable housing, unsafe living conditions, and eviction. As various governments all over Canada move towards freezing property taxes and rent increases as a response to the pandemic, the Quebec government needs to step up to protect tenants.

Saray Ortiz Torres

Darby MacDonald

Project Genesis

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As tenants suffer in Pandemic, the Quebec government must take action to control rent - The Suburban Newspaper

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The cause and treatment for bedbugs | CAA-Quebec Residential

Bedbugs (Cimex lectularius) are visible to the naked eye. Brown and flat, measuring 4 mm to 7 mm (0.2 to 0.3 in) long, bedbugs are attracted to the vibrations, warmth, odours and CO2 that we give off as we breathe.

This insect got the name bedbug because it feeds on human blood in the middle of the night while we sleep, most often hiding in mattresses or elsewhere in the bedroom. Bites are often clustered in the areas of the body that are most exposed during sleep, such as the arms and legs.

After feeding for about 15 minutes, a bedbug will retreat into hiding for about a week. Bedbugs are extremely resilient and can survive in a dormant state for months on end without food.

Females lay two to four eggs per day, depositing them inside objects, cracks in furniture and floors, crevices along baseboards, etc. As an infestation intensifies, the colony grows beyond the bedroom to other rooms in the house and, potentially, to neighbouring houses. Bedbugs travel inside wall and floor cavities, inside ducts and along pipes and electrical wires.

Bedbugs leave stains on bedding and mattresses. (Brown stains are from blood after bites; black stains are the insects fecal matter.)

Like many other invaders, this species spreads because of widespread international travel and exchanges of goods. Bedbugs can be found in suitcases, fabric, furniture, cargo vehicles, etc.

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7 types of bug bites Canadians can expect this summer …

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With a long winter behind us, most Canadians are looking forward to spending more time outdoors. Whether youre hiking, camping or just being lazy at the lake, health experts say its always important to keep an eye out for summer bugs.

Canada has a wide range of bugs and insects, says Dr. Isaac Bogoch, an infectious disease specialist at Toronto General Hospital, but the majority of them wont seriously hurt you.

The vast majority of insects that bite are really only a nuisance, meaning that it might cause a little bit of pain, he told Global News. Its only a handful of bugs that can cause severe problems.

READ MORE: Southern Ontario likely to see an onslaught of mosquitoes this summer expert

Of all the bug bites that are going to occur in Canada this year, a relatively small proportion of them are going to result to a medical issue, thats the big picture.

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Below, Bogoch breaks down the most common creatures we see in Canada during the summer, as well as how to protect yourself.

Tick seasonhas already started in Canada, and Bogoch says there is an increasing number of cases of Lyme disease in the country as well.

Lyme is transmitted by tick bites and ticks that transmit Lyme are present across the country, he explained. Its not entirely clear what the boundaries of these ticks are.

If youre are bitten by a tick with a potential for Lyme disease, speak to your doctor right away if you think you have symptoms.

Health Canada [is]taking it very seriously and have put in a lot of money, energy and resources to provide healthcare workers information on how to treat Lyme and find out exactly where it is.

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Bogoch says to protect yourself, wear insect repellent if youre going to any grassland or wooded areas, and when you return home, make sure you conduct a full tick check from head to toe.

Mosquitoes are not only a huge nuisance but some also carry infection.

Later on in the summer we start to see cases of West Nile virus, the mosquito-transmitted infection, he said. In the past few years there havent been that many cases of West Nile virus in the country, but its certainly a possibility.

READ MORE: Insect repellent does natural beat DEET?

Bogoch adds the majority of people who end up getting the virus have no symptoms or mild symptoms like a fever, headache, muscle aches and pains or fatigue. They generally feel unwell for a couple of days, and mostwerenot ill enough to see the doctor. He adds there are rare forms of severe West Nile virus, but the majority of us will just have to deal with bites.

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Use a repellent with at least 30 per cent DEET, he said, and dont forget to reapply.

Bee and wasp bites are extremely painful, but they dont carry any infections, Bogoch says. Anyone who has an allergic reaction tend to keep EpiPens, but for the majority of us, it is just dealing with the initial painful bite and washing out the area as quickly as possible.

Its hard to avoid bees and wasps during summer months, but if you can, dont irritate them.

If you are working in Northern Ontario or even the Northern prairie provinces, you should expect horseflies and black flies. The bites hurt, but they are not going to pose any significant risk,Bogoch said, adding that for people who spend a lot of time outdoors, it could feel like being eaten alive.

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To protect yourself, wear insect repellent and try not to expose skin.

Canada has many different types of spiders, and believe it or not there are even some venomous ones. They are extraordinarily rare and timid, but the southern parts of Canada have black widow spiders, Bogoch noted.

Most spiders are harmless. If you experience a black widow bite, wash it with water right away and seek medical attention.

They arent special to summer, but Bogoch says we should keep an eye out for bed bugs when we travel.

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They dont transmit infections, but they can bite, he said, adding some people end up with itchy red welts all over their bodies.

READ MORE: Will this cold Canadian winter mean fewer biting bugs in the summer?

The most frustrating thing about bed bugsis removing them from your home or not bringing them with you in the first place. If you suspect bed bugs, deep clean your sheets and mattress or contact a professional cleaning service.

We have a few types of biting ants, but they dont transmit infections, Bogochsaid. Ants are also a nuisance, but known complications from ant bites are very rare.

During summer months, many of them make nests, he adds. If you want to avoid bites, avoid nests.

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2018 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Exterminating bed bugs | Gouvernement du Qubec – Quebec

If it is not possible to treat your fabrics and objects in the dryer or washer, apply oneorthe other of these treatments.

Treat your fabrics and objects with a steam cleaner. Gather all your items to be treated in the infested room. Treat everything at the same time in this room to avoid infesting other areas. The steam temperature must reach 100 C (212 F). Take care to move the steam cleaner slowly over the items in order to conduct a deep treatment

Place your fabrics and objects in the freezer at a temperature of at least -18 C (0.4 F). Lay out fabrics in the freezer without packing them in. Leave them in the freezer for at least 3 and half days.

Caution: Some domestic freezers are not cold enough. Make sure that the temperature of your freezer is at least -18 C (0.4 F) to apply this treatment. This temperature allows items to cool rapidly. Cooling of bed bugs must be quick in order to prevent them from adapting to the temperature and surviving.

After treating your fabrics and objects, take the following measures:

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The Cost Of Taking Groceries For Granted: Canadas Food Labour Bill Is Coming Due – Chatelaine

Desmond Daley, a migrant worker from Jamaica, at Pfennings Organic Farms in New Hamburg, Ont. in 2018. (Photo: Jim Rankin/Toronto Star via Getty Images)

As pork, beef and poultry plants across North America cope with outbreaks of COVID-19, two issues loom large: the effect on our food supply, and the effect on industry workers. The United States has decided which is more importanton Tuesday, American meat plants were deemed essential infrastructure that cant close without federal permission. On Wednesday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau neither committed to nor ruled out doing the same here. The priority is both things, he said. Keeping people safe and ensuring a good supply of food to Canadians.

Priority, though, is a singular word. Theres a choice to be made, and workers will not be safe if the meat business goes on as usual. The coronavirus has had a devastating toll on them: at a Cargill plant in High River, Alta., 821 workers had tested positive for COVID-19 as of Thursday, the countrys largest outbreak linked to a single site. One worker, a woman in her 60s, has died. Other plants havent been hit as hard, but numbers are quickly climbing, and there have been shift reductions and temporary shutdowns from B.C. to Quebec.

The pandemic is breaking multiple links of Canadas food supply chain. Many farmers are scrambling to find workers. Spring usually brings tens of thousands of foreigners to Canadian fields, most from the Caribbean and Latin America via the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP). This year, COVID-19 has thrown multiple wrenches into that process, including a 14-day federal isolation requirement when workers land.

Its not clear yet whether significant food shortages are a real riskTrudeau said hes watching the issue with concern. But its inevitable that consumers will be affected eventually. Higher costs are almost certainly on the horizon, and maybe thats a necessary correction. Prices at Canadian supermarkets have never reflected the true value of the labour that goes into stocking them.

As in other rich countries, underpaid workers from poor countries have long kept Canadas food industries running. Now, Mexicans and Central Americans have a new reason to avoid the U.S. and Western Europe is desperate for seasonal workers from Eastern Europe and Africa. In Canada, and elsewhere, fears about availability and cost are accompanied by another worrythat the risks long endured by food industry workers might spill over onto the rest of us.

The state of farm workers housing is just one example. Last year, the Toronto Star reviewed thousands of complaints about everything from rats and bedbugs to a lack of working sinks. Such conditions were always dangerous for workers, as well as undignified, and a violation of their rights. Its only now, though, that a COVID-19 outbreak in a cramped dormitory threatens Canadians health, too.

A page from a colouring book being shared by Justicia 4 Migrant Workers.

And so, worried Ontario farming communities are imposing new housing rules. In Windsor-Essex County, that includes soap (presumably at functional sinks) for all that coronavirus handwashing. In Haldimand-Norfolk County, bunkhouses for those who are self-isolating are limited to three residents, a public health stipulation that one local farmer told TVO doesnt make sense.

Amazingly, the same farmer said that replacing SAWP workers with unemployed locals isnt as easy as it sounds. Many foreign workers have been back and forth between his farm and their home countries for five or more years, and are some of his core people.

They also tolerate conditions most Canadians wouldnt: the average migrant farm labourer here works 10 to 12 hours a day, six days a week, with no overtime or vacation pay, according to the new book,Uncertain Harvest: The Future of Food on a Warming Planet. In it, food security researchers Ian Mosby, Sarah Rotz and Evan D. G. Fraser argue that Canadas food system owes SAWP workers a path to citizenship. Clearly, their skills are needed here.

But as for so many essential workers, respect and protection are hard to come by, even now. A JBS plant in Brooks, Alta. isnt shutting down to contain its outbreak, even temporarily: instead, the company is offering short-term disability to workers who are pregnant, over 70, or otherwise vulnerable.

In Chatham-Kent, Ont., 47 workers at the greenhouse Greenhill Produce have tested positive. Even though there are significant profits on the line800 tractor trailer loads of peppers may end up rottingthe advocacy group Justicia for Migrant Workers (J4MW) believes that staff there still arent being protected. J4MW just shared a message, purportedly from a Greenhill worker, that as of April 24, the positive and the negative are living in the same house using the same utensils, same bathroom

We ask for sanitizers to help kill the spreading of the virus in such a crowded place, the message continued. To draw attention to the problem, J4MW is sharing a colouring book onlinecompleted pages can be turned into posters or social media posts.

The Greenhill workers request for anonymity is unsurprising. Foreign workers immigration status is usually tied to individual employers, making them reluctant to report bosses who violate rules and regulations. Again, thats always been trouble for them, but now its trouble for everyone. In both Chatham-Kent and High River, the outbreak is also in the larger community.

About 70 percent of Cargills employees in High River are Filipino, some permanent residents, others with more precarious status. As community advocate Cesar Cala told CBC, Many of the temporary foreign workers, their stay in Canada is based on their work visa connected to Cargill. They do have a union, which asked for a cleaning and inspection closure in mid-April.

But it took hundreds of positive diagnoses before the plant announced a temporary shutdown on April 20. Now, over a quarter of its 2,000 workers have COVID-19, and the Alberta Federation of Labour is demanding a criminal negligence investigation into one death.

When COVID-19 hit Canada, the result was supermarket shelves, stripped completely. Things have stabilized since then, but its likely that a new round of panic will hit meat departments this week. This is just the start, though: many farmers are way behind schedule for planting. Asparagus pickers are already scarce in B.C. and Ontario, where an industry spokesperson has worried that a significant amount of the provinces crop will stay in the ground this year.

Most Canadians arent used to such instability, in large part because of the risks offloaded onto migrant workers. Well, our food has been bought on credit for a long time, and now the bill has come due.

Editors note:

I hope you enjoyed reading this article from Chatelaine. Our team is working hard to create quality content that informs and inspires during this difficult time.

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Maureen Halushak, editor-in-chief, Chatelaine

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The Cost Of Taking Groceries For Granted: Canadas Food Labour Bill Is Coming Due - Chatelaine

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