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  Friday 21st of January 2022 09:02 AM

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Latest Bed Bug Incidents and Infestations

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CrossFire Bed Bug Concentrate (Residual Spray)

Product InformationAbout CrossFire

CrossFire is the result of years of development by MGK. It's the first liquid concentrate designed and labeled specifically to kill bed bugs. The result is a kast knockdown and kill with direct spraying, plus residual control. CrossFire targets all bed bug life stages and is specifically formulated to kill pyrethroid-resistant bed bug strains.

To use CrossFire in a bed bug treatment, mix 13 ounces in a gallon of water. Start with a half gallon of water in your spray tank, measure out and pour in the CrossFire concentrate, then add the other half to start agitating the mixture. Shake the tank to make sure it mixes thoroughly and you're ready to go.

Apply CrossFire to cracks and crevices, like on or around baseboards, floorboards, bed frames, headboards, furniture, door and window frames, closets, beneath floor coverings, and the edges of the carpet. CrossFire can also be applied directly to the seams and folds of your mattress and box spring. Spray until the fabric is damp but not wet, and wait for the bed to dry before you put your linens back on. Make sure that you read and follow the product label and MSDS for safe and effective usage.


Third time I ordered. No problem at all for a month after first supply. Second order, six weeks or more. Third order I am hoping to be free of problems. Regardless, no other product even comes close over long period of time. thank you.

Reviewed by:pat h from ohio.


afetr spending over $2000 and still having them d*** bed bugs.....I bought this cross fire Concertrate and no more bed bugs.....This works great.....T/Y B B S

Reviewed by:R Sanders from Arlington Tx.


After getting 2 estimates that just about sent me into a stroke, I started researching a more cost effective way to get rid of these. I have realized that the majority of the cost involves labor moving everything around. Purging your housing is the first thing. As hard as it was to have to throw away sentimental things, living with these things made it easier. I was do confused on what to use to do it myself. If you dig enough, you can find what the professionals use. That being said, I used a combination of Crossfire and Gentrol. I ordered 2 because I knew I was going to do a second application in a month. Well, I didn't take any chances, going with the theory that more is better.I ended up using a whole bottle upstairs and a whole bottle downstairs. I came back a couple hours later and dead bugs. Haven't see a one since but plan on doing a follow up in a month with just using 1 bottle for upstairs and down.

Reviewed by:Lynda Daggs from Keokuk, iowa.


works on contact, going to buy more

Reviewed by:james from Hollywood.


Seems to be adequate product. Does as good as any other product on bedbugs. But low odor is a big plus!

Reviewed by:Arlis Spearman from Arkansas .


Good product

Reviewed by:Roger Johnson from Chicago.


This did better than the last product i bought (temprd sc). It is diffently working.

Reviewed by:Lisa mault from Lima.


The best bed bug product I have used

Reviewed by:Roger from Chicago .


This product contains the 2 insecticides for immediate and long-term extermination that bedbugs are not resistant to.

Reviewed by:Craig Crawford from Dayton.


It is an expensive product, but if it actually works, it will be worth it.Product was packaged well and product was delivered in a timely manner.

Reviewed by:Catrina from Burns.

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CrossFire Bed Bug Concentrate (Residual Spray)

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Iowa care facility, among the nation’s worst, now faces …

An Iowa nursing home cited for regulatory violations that contributed to abuse, neglect and the death of a resident has been added to a federal list of the nations worst care facilities and fined more than half a million dollars.

The QHC Fort Dodge Villa in Webster County was cited in October for 18 federal regulatory violations and four state violations.The facility was recently added to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Special-Focus Facility List, which is a national list of care facilities with some of the worst records of regulatory compliance.

The Fort Dodge home, which has about 75 residents, now has the lowest possible overall rating from CMS, which evaluates care facilities performance based on inspectors findings, staffing levels and quality of care. It is one of two Special-Focus Facilities in Iowa that are run by QHC Management of Clive, a company owned by Jerry and Nancy Voyna.

QHC Management operates eight nursing homes and two assisted living facilities that provide care for about 500 Iowans.

As a result of issues uncovered by state inspectors this past summer, the Fort Dodge home has been hit with federal fines for each day it has remained out of compliance with minimum health care standards. The daily fines, which once were accruing at almost $9,000 per day, so far total $685,740. State officials said Friday the final fine wont be determined until the facility comes into substantial compliance with all government regulations.

In August, state inspectors visited the Fort Dodge home and subsequently issued a 199-page inspection report listing all of the regulatory violations found at the facility. Among the violations: failure to respect residents rights; failure to provide a safe, clean environment; failure to provide quality care; failure to prevent or treat pressure sores, and failure to ensure residents are free of medication errors.

Also, failure to employ sufficient nursing staff; failure to adequately prevent and control infections; failure to provide adequate COVID-19 testing and screening; failure to keep the home free of accident hazards; and failure to employ competent nursing staff.

The inspection was triggered by 10 complaints to the state inspections agency, all of which were substantiated.

Among the problems alleged by inspectors:

Resident death: On June 27, a resident of the home fell and struck his head. According to an aide who witnessed the fall, a nurse was nearby, on her phone, and did nothing to assist the resident and continued to talk on her phone even after the fall. Another aide interviewed about the fall told inspectors the facility is a mess compared to others she worked in, and that the nurses dont care when resident issues are reported to them.

Although the resident who fell immediately complained of pain, no pain medications were given for 22 hours, and there was no indication of a complete assessment of the injury being performed. Shortly after the fall, the resident screamed out in pain and could be heard as far as approximately 200 feet away when he was repositioned in bed, inspectors reported. The resident screamed, cried and begged for God to take his life, the inspectors found. On July 2, five days after the fall, the resident died.

A staff nurse who saw the resident that day later told inspectors the mans hip was rotated all the way to his buttock and one leg was significantly shorter, adding that the mans condition would have been obvious to anyone who had performed an assessment.

Neglect: On Aug. 23, a resident was admitted to the home after surgical repair of an open compound fracture of his left ankle. The resident told inspectors that he waited more than an hour for assistance from the staff to get into bed. During that time, he said, he watched the staff congregate at the nurses station, using their phones and laughing.

When he attempted to put himself to bed, his wheelchair slid out from under him and he fell to the floor, then crawled to the bed and climbed in. None of the staff came to his assistance or evaluated his injuries, he said.

Another resident of the home told inspectors she fell on Aug. 30 while attempting to get into a taxi at the facility for a trip to bank. She said the staff saw her fall but was instructed not to help her, so she crawled across the parking lot and got into the taxi.

Physical abuse: A medication aide told inspectors she saw one resident of the home punch another resident while a group of nurses sat nearby using their phones. The aide said she had to threaten to call the state before her co-workers agreed to check the resident who was attacked. Another employee told inspectors that a nurse immediately assessed the resident.

Verbal abuse: A medication aide at the home backed up a residents complaint about two workers who were accused of bullying residents of the home. The aide said the two were verbally abusive to one resident, saying things such as, You are going to do this right now or its not going to happen for you at all, and spoke in vulgar, blunt tones.

COVID-19 screening: A dietary aide told inspectors she had a problem breathing through her COVID-19 mask so she typically placed it below her nose. She also reported that had never had her temperature checked prior to working and had never been asked any questions about signs or symptoms of COVID-19 prior to entering the facility and serving food and drinks to residents.

Another dietary aide was seen by inspectors eating in the dining room, alongside two unmasked residents, with her mask pulled down below her chin. Inspectors watched as two nurse aides entered a residents room with their masks pulled down.

Later that day, another worker entered the building without being screened for COVID-19 and walked into the building with her mask below her nose. The home was also cited for failing to employ an infection prevention specialist as required.

COVID-19 testing: The home was cited for failing to maintain records of COVID-19 testing prior to July 13 of this year, and for repeatedly failing to test dozens of residents after positive COVID-19 cases were confirmed in the facility.

Resident discharge: The facility was cited for discharging a resident against medical advice without first making referrals to ensure someone would follow up with the man once he left the home and was in the community.

A nurse aide told inspectors that about a week after the man was discharged, she was driving to work and saw the man on the street where he flagged her down. She turned around and gave the man money to eat, later reporting that the mans clothing was drenched in urine and soiled with feces and his motorized scooter was about to stop working.

It was horrible to see him like that, he was definitely in the same clothes, the aide told inspectors. When he was at the facility, he was my favorite, respectful, never really did anything. I miss him.

Medication errors: The home failed to give one resident four doses of prescribed medications for hypertension a condition that increases the risk of stroke and heart attacks. The resident was rushed to the hospital after complaining of chest pain and becoming unresponsive. The resident was admitted to the hospital and diagnosed as having had a heart attack.

Residents rights: Inspectors noted that an infestation of bed bugs resulted in the staff throwing away one residents new leather recliner, which was not the source of the bugs.

Staffing levels: The home was cited for employing a director of nursing who often worked as a floor nurse, limiting her ability to oversee the staff. The director of nursing had worked 756 hours in one three-month period an average of 63 hours per week.

Tuberculosis testing: The homes administrator told inspectors the facility didnt have any new physicals or tuberculosis tests for employees, adding that she wondered if the staff had stopped doing them once the company stopped giving pay raises.

QHC Fort Dodge Villa is now on the nations Special Focus Facilities list. Typically, homes that are eligible for special-focus designation have about twice the average number of violations cited by state inspectors; they have more serious problems than most other nursing homes, including harm or injury to residents, and they have established a pattern of serious problems that has persisted over a long period of time.

The Special-Focus Facility List is updated quarterly by CMS and includes homes deemed by CMS to have a history of serious quality issues. Those homes are enrolled in a special program intended to stimulate improvements in their quality of care through increased oversight.

While 10 Iowa homes are deemed eligible for that sort of assistance, they are not actually enrolled in the program or receiving the assistance.

Thats because the number of facilities on the list remains relatively constant. New facilities cant be named a special-focus facility, regardless of how poor their care is, until other homes in that same state improve and graduate from the list a process thatcan take four years or more.

Nationally, there are normally about 88 nursing facilities on the list, with one or two slots to be filled by each state.The only Iowa homes now designated as Special-Focus Facilities are both run by QHC Management of Des Moines, with QHC Winterset North having been on the list for 12 months.

According to CMS, the Winterset home remains on the list because it has not yet shown any improvement. A third QHC home in Mitchellville is on the list of homes eligible for special-focus status due to its history of care issues.

In addition to the Mitchellville home, the other Iowa facilities deemed eligible for special-focus status are Altoona Nursing & Rehab; Aspire of Muscatine; Aspire of Primghar; Cedar Falls Health Care Center; Fleur Heights Center for Wellness in Des Moines; Garden View Care Center in Shenandoah; The Ivy in Davenport; Oakland Manor; and the Rock Rapids Health Centre.

Officials at QHC Management said Friday that owner Nancy Voyna was not available for comment.

Since 2011, the Voynas have contributed $36,000 to Iowa Health PAC, a political action committee controlled by a lobbying group for the Iowa nursing home industry. Between December 2017 and December 2018, Iowa Health PAC contributed $65,100 to the campaign committee of Gov. Kim Reynolds.

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Iowa care facility, among the nation's worst, now faces ...

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Two Tennessee Cities Among The Worst In The U.S. For Bed Bugs – iHeartRadio

As people around the country begin traveling more, and staying in unfamiliar places, the number of reported cases of bed bugs has also been on the rise. That's why Orkin recently released its annual list of the U.S. cities with the most reported cases of bed bugs, using data gathered from December 1, 2020 to November 30, 2021.

Two cities in Tennessee earned spots on the list: Knoxville, coming in at No. 29, and Nashville, following closely at No. 34.

"Bed bugs are a concern for everyone because they are master hitchhikers, traveling home with people when they likely don't realize it," said Orkin entomologist Ben Hottel. "Their nature of hiding in difficult-to-find cracks and crevices can make them hard to control, which is why involving a trained professional at the sight of an introduction is recommended."

So what should you do to minimize the risk of infestation? Orkin suggests regularly checking your home for signs of bed bugs, inspecting mattress seams, baseboards and even electrical outlets. Experts also recommend decluttering your home to make spotting the insects even easier and thoroughly inspecting any secondhand furniture before brining it inside your home.

Here are the Top 50 cities for bed bugs, according to the report:

Check out Orkin's full report here.

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Two Tennessee Cities Among The Worst In The U.S. For Bed Bugs - iHeartRadio

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Cedar Rapids Among the Worst Cities For Bed Bugs –

No, this is not a list you want to make on an annual basis. But Cedar Rapids, Iowa has done it. Actually, they've even moved higher up on the list, which is troubling, to say the least!

Among the things that continue to spread around the nation, other than COVID, are bed bugs. The little critters can hitch rides and travel from city to city with ease. And as PRNewswire points out, the lack of staffing in the hospitality industry the little bugs are probably not being monitored as closely as they should be. The annual list that has just been released is based on data from the Orkin company. It looks at the metro areas where the company performed the most bed bug treatments between December of 2020 through November 30th, 2021.

The city of Chicago has the honor of being the worst city in the nation for bed bugs. Rounding out the top five are the cities of Philly, New York, Detriot, and Baltimore. But Cedar Rapids also makes this list, coming in at #30, up five spots from last year. Not exactly the list you want to be featured on if you want to boost tourism to your city. So what can be done?

PRNewswire says that the folks at Orkin provide these tips. First, at your home;

During travel, Orkin suggests you remember the acronym S.L.E.E.P.

Hopefully, by following some of these tips, you can avoid staying someplace that has bed bugs, and avoid bringing them back home with you!

Read on to learn the average life expectancy in each state.

Here are 50 of your favorite retail chains that no longer exist.

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Cedar Rapids Among the Worst Cities For Bed Bugs -

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What Temperature Kills Bed Bugs? | Temperature Chart …

When wethink of bed bugs, we usually think about tiny bugs that we can squash with ourfeet and continue with our lives. But, bed bugs, although being so small andincapable of inflicting any severe damage, are very hard to kill. Why? Becauseits very hard to find them, as they spend most of their life in the shelter,resting, mating, and reproducing.

Many people go into panic mode when they realize that they have a bed bug infestation in their home, not knowing that bed bugs can be killed easily if you know how to do it. One of the most popular, if not the most popular way is to use extreme temperatures both high and low. This is the way how professional exterminators kill bed bugs.

But what temperature kills bed bugs? When it comes to high temperatures, more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.778C) starts to damage bed bugs, whereas 113F (45C) can kill bed bugs in 90 minutes and 118F (47.778C) can kill them in 20 minutes. As for the low temperatures, -13F kills both adults and bed bug eggs in about several days. As you can see, the extreme temperature conditions can make a bed bugs life a living hell, which is why professional exterminators use this method to completely eradicate bed bugs out of your house.

In thisarticle, we are going to talk about the relationship between bed bugs andvarious temperatures, as well as give you a temperature chart where you can seewhat temperatures are good/bad for them.

We think its going to be an interesting read for those who fight bed bug infestations in their homes. Our suggestion is to take your time to read this article because you never know when youre going to need this knowledge. Without further ado, lets get into the nitty-gritty of the topic.

Generally speaking, yes cold temperatures do kill bed bugs. But, as we all know, bed bugs are one of the most resilient insects on the planet, being capable of enduring the harshest conditions.

Furthermore, bed bugs can also live without food for a whole year yes, 365 days! So, even if you block their access to food (your blood), they will be in your house, lurking from nooks and crannies, waiting to gain access.

If you livein a country with a colder climate, bed bugs will behave the same and thetemperature will not have an impact on their lifespan or lifestyle, for thatmatter. They will still sleep in your bed, mattress, clothes, etc. Even if youdont heat your place and its a minus outside, bed bugs will live comfortably.

Extreme temperature conditions, however, have a drastic impact on bed bugs. If we compare this impact with the impact on people, the mechanisms in which the cold temperature inflicts damage to the body is the same. The fluids in the body and organs begin to freeze, thus making the blood flow slower, and slower, until the bed bug freezes to death.

Theres a temperature threshold that must be satisfied for killing bed bugs and that is -13 degrees Fahrenheit (-25 degrees Celsius). Even a single degree above this temperature will NOT kill bed bugs, regardless of the duration of the exposure. Heres the study that backs this up.

This study says that the temperature of -12 degrees Fahrenheit wasnt able to kill bed bugs, even after a whole week of continuous exposure. On the contrary, the temperature of -13 degrees Fahrenheit achieved 100% mortality.

As mentionedabove, bed bugs can live in cold temperatures, just as they can live in hottemperatures. As long as its not a temperature extreme, their abilities tofeed and mate wont be impaired. Even if they somehow finished outside of yourhouse, in the snow, they would still find a way to enter someones house andwill regain strength when they warm up.

Of course, as is the case with every living being, bed bugs prefer warm (not hot, warm!) temperatures to function normally. Still, if its cold in your house, this will not prevent them from drinking blood and mating.

Related: Can Bed Bugs Survive in Cold Temperatures?

All of the principles we mentioned for killing bed bugs with a cold temperature can also apply here. In case youve not read the article from the start, lets quickly go over the main principle. The main principle says that if the temperature isnt at least on par with the required threshold, the bed bugs wont die. In the previous case, it was -13 degrees Fahrenheit ( -25C).

In this case, its above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.77C) for bed bugs to lose the ability to function properly. While 100 degrees Fahrenheit cant kill bed bugs directly, it can still kill them but much slower. This temperature kills bed bugs indirectly, by slowly impairing their basic functions, such as feeding or mating, making the infestation smaller.

As we start to climb and reach the first threshold of 113F (45C), we can relatively quickly dispatch bed bugs in about 90 minutes. The second and the recommended threshold is 118 F (47.77C), for eliminating bed bugs in only 20 minutes. Also, the temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit can only kill adults and not eggs, which is why we recommend going above it.

Bed bug eggs are always more resilient to both heat and cold treatment. This is why 118 F (47.77C) for 20 minutes kills ONLY adults. If you want to kill both bed bug eggs and adults, conducting the treatment for 90 minutes at the aforementioned temperature is recommended.

Related: How to Kill Bed Bugs with Heat Treatment?

Youve probably heard about using a steamer to kill bed bugs. If so, that is because this method is very good at eliminating a large portion of bed bug infestation and for localized elimination. By using the steam, you can kill bed bugs in every stage of development eggs, nymphs, and adults. Beware that you need to buy a steamer with at least 1 gallon of capacity and a steam volume control.

For effective elimination of bed bugs, you need a surface temperature of at least 160F ( 71.11C), to a maximum of 180F (82.22C). This temperature is enough to kill bed bugs up to 3/4 inches into fabric surfaces and 2-3/8 inches into cracks and crevices.

Bed bugs freeze at the temperature weve mentioned above anything below -13F (-25C). Interestingly, bed bugs can also freeze at the temperature above -13 degrees Fahrenheit but it would take a lot of time to freeze them, which is why we said that you cant kill bed bugs if that threshold isnt met.

Its pointless waiting for God knows how much, just to freeze a portion of bed bugs. If you dont want to go under -13F for some reason, we dont know how much it will take you to freeze bed bugs. As for -13 Fahrenheit or less, weve given you numbers above.

Bed bugscant be killed instantly at any temperature, being it high or low. When wethink about it better, its quite logical. Even if its very cold, you wont beable to freeze to death at the same moment you experience the temperatureunless its -100 degrees Celsius, which is unattainable. The same principleapplies to bed bugs, which can take more or less time to die, depending on howlow or how high the temperature is.

Both cold and hot temperatures can kill bed bugs in almost the same period, whereas the heat treatment is a bit faster.

While the heat treatment is the most effective way of getting rid of bed bugs and will save you a lot of time, theres something that heat treatment wont save you cash. Whether you buy a heater, rent it or pay someone to do the treatment for you, youre looking at a minimum of $1000 cost for eliminating a bed bug infestation. Some services will offer you a flat fee, while some will charge you by the hour. Although it looks like a cost-effective method, heat treatment is very expensive for an average household.

Aside from the cost of this treatment, many people are worried about the safety of their property and family. During the heat treatment, the temperatures are extreme, and these temperatures can have a drastic effect on the health of humans and pets. This means that during the treatment, all house members should be out of the house, which once again, makes things a bit more complicated, especially if you dont have anywhere to go. In this case, you must rent a room, which can cost you even more.

Because of the temperature extremes, the homeowner must properly prepare their home before the treatment commences. This includes removing any foods that may spoil or storing them in the fridge. The same applies to foods that can melt. Every flammable that you have in the house should also be removed. These include gasoline and propane or any other flammable that you have, including alcohol!

The stuff that has been brought outside should also be checked for bed bugs before bringing it inside, to make sure that the bed bugs never return. Even a single egg in your house can produce an infestation.

The main caveat with the cold treatment is that it isnt meant for eliminating the whole infestation, which puts it beneath the heat treatment in terms of effectiveness. On top of that, the required low temperature must be maintained all the time, to make the treatment effective. Otherwise, youll negate the progress and youll have to start from the beginning.

Lets be real you cant keep -13 degrees Fahrenheit (-25C) at your home all the time. You cant even reach the temperature this low, except if youre from Siberia and you dont have any kind of heating in your home. Even then, its impossible and you cant survive this temperature. In the ideal case, if all of this was possible, you would spend a lot of money trying to repair your electronics, getting new clothes, and more. Very low temperatures can destroy your electronics and clothes.

For that reason, if you opt for cold treatment, its better to localize it. In this case, youre probably going to use a standard freezer but the thing is, these freezers cant reach -13 degrees Fahrenheit. They can go as low as 0F (-17.78C), which is enough to kill adult bed bugs in a few days or a week but eggs will most likely survive. If you want to be sure that every bed bug is dead, youll need help from the professionals and that can cost you a lot, almost the same as the heat treatment.

Above is the bed bug elimination chart that shows the required temperatures for killing bed bugs. Adult bed bugs and bed bug nymphs take an equal amount of time for killing. As we can see, 113F at 90 min, 118F at 20min, and -13F for 4 days is applicable for both nymphs and adults. On the contrary, bed bug eggs require 118F at 90min and -13F for 4 days to get eliminated. Of course, if you manage to get higher or lower temperatures, youll kill bed bugs faster.

What about temperatures between the two thresholds? Interestingly, temperatures between 60F and 80F will make bed bugs grow slower and temperatures between 25F and 60F will result in death in weeks or months. Temperatures below -13F kill adult bed bugs in a day or two, with bed bugs dying a day or two after that, which is a total of 4 days.

To summarize, when trying to eliminate bed bugs using heat or cold treatment, you should aim for a temperature range of 113F to 118F and is you are going for low temperatures then -13F or below, respectively. The higher or lower the temperature is, the faster bed bugs will die. Since many of us dont have the required equipment for fulfilling the temperature conditions, we suggest that you call the professionals to finish the job, if the infestation has progressed.

It may seem like rocket science but it isnt. Bed bugs are easy to kill with one of these treatments and its only a matter of proper equipment. If you can afford these treatments, youll get rid of bed bugs in a few days and continue to enjoy your life without them.

Bed Bug Control: Heat and Cold, The Ohio State University

Understanding Bed Bug Treatments, University of Minnesota

Miller D., Using Heat to Kill Bed Bugs, Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech

Using Steamers to Control Bed Bugs, University of Minnesota

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What Temperature Kills Bed Bugs? | Temperature Chart ...

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