Category Archives: Bed Bugs North Mariana islands

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Latest Bed Bug Incidents and Infestations

Incident Radius: 3000 Miles

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State of Bed Bug problems around the world… | Health …

I can completely sympathise with the traumas caused by bed bugs.I spent 19 months travelling through India, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma and Nepal in 2007/8 and didn't encounter them once until I reached Australia and ended up renting a place in Melbourne that was infested with them. Quite a few other folks I met in Melbourne who were staying in hostels also seemed to be being munched on on a nightly basis during their stay, too, so I'm not sure if Melbourne has a particular problem or if it was just bad luck.That said, on subsequent visits to India, although I haven't encountered them anywhere else, quite a few hostels/hotels in Mumbai seem to have infestations. I will also add that throughout our stays in each of these bed bug-inhabited places, my husband hasn't been bitten once, whereas there were occasions in Melbourne when I had as many as 30 bites on at any one time, so I have concluded that as is the case with mosquitoes, some people are just more attractive to the bugs, so just because you haven't been bitten, doesn't mean that there weren't any bugs there!

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State of Bed Bug problems around the world... | Health ...

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how to get rid of bed bugs? | Health – Lonely Planet Forum …

If I may, mmanhattan, the products sold on the Internet that claim to kill bedbugs are a scam and they DO NOT WORK.

The only proven ways to kill them is with extreme heat (45C -113F for 15 minutes) or with insecticides approved to spray infested areas, treatments that belong to a group of compounds called pyrethroids. These chemicals are used by the exterminators. (On heat, see for example this scientific article : Rust, M.K. and D.A. Reierson. 1998. Use of extreme temperatures in urban insect pest management, Pp. 179-200. In G. J. Hallman and D. L. Denlinger [eds.], Lethal temperatures in integrated pest management. Westview Press, Boulder, Colo.)

So just put everything that can be washed in your luggages in very hot soapy water, then put it in the dryer for at least 20 minutes on high heat. When finished, make sure that you put everything in a sealed plastic bag. Everything that cannot be washed in water should be either inspected and vacuumed. Look in every cracks, between every pages of your books. If you can put your stuff in a sauna, it is the best way. Just don't put your ipod and batteries in it!!

Don't waste your money on phony bedbugs products! Just use heat.

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how to get rid of bed bugs? | Health - Lonely Planet Forum ...

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Pest Control Exterminator – Official Site

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NPMA has compiled state specific bed bug laws and rules into one document.Click here to review the information.In a nutshell, twenty three states have passed or enacted bed bug specific legislation orrule making, including Alabama, Arizona, California,Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, West Virginia and Wisconsin. Many of the bed bug laws or rules are legacy statutes or regulations, ranging from 30 to 90 plus years old.

What are bed bugs? Bed bugs are small parasitic insects that feed on the blood of mammals and birds. Adult bed bugs have flat bodies about one-quarter of an inch in length; they are copper colored and wingless.

Beeline Pest Control Texas is the most comprehensive pest control service in the greater San Antonio region including New Braunfels and Shertz, Texas. We provide expert extermination services for a wide range of pests, including: bed bugs, rats, roaches, spiders, wasps, mice, scorpions, ants, and more. Unwelcome critters in your home are not just a nuisance, they may sting or bite a loved one or leave behind nasty things like fecal matter and disease.

Most people use a combination of bed bug sprays and bed bug powders to kill off bed bugs fast. Bed bugs are notoriously difficult to get rid of and finding the right spray to eliminate bed bugs is not always easy. Many natural residual bed bug sprays contain natural ingredients that have a proven repellent and insecticidal action against these infesting bugs

Posted By Larry Tolchinsky on December 8, 2016 In Florida, the obligation of a landlord to a tenant with regard to providing a clean and safe living condition when leasing and renting of residential real estate, is governed by Florida statute and Florida court opinions this includes renting in a large apartment complex, single family home, vacation rental or condo. Be aware, bed bugs bites can resemble spider bites and mosquito bites. Thats why we recommend that you see a Doctor to determine the exact type of bite you have.

This article originally appeared onLearnVest.com. Its all over the news: Bed bugs have reached epidemic levels in lots of big cities around the country.

Bed Bugs Pest Control San Antonio, Texas While a variety of insects create issues for San Antonio, Texas homeowners, bed bugs are one of the more difficult ones to eradicate. For years, bed bugs were virtually non-existent in the United States as commonly-employed insecticides were highly effective at eliminating them.

Pest Control and Exterminator Services From Residential Pest Prevention to CustomCommercial Solutions, 855bugs.com Has A Pest Control Service For You. Our general pest control service will help youfight against roaches, ants, beetles, spiders, centipedes and so much more

Florida is home to over 20 million residents. Florida also plays host to over 113 million tourist visitors each year. With its year round warm weather, beautiful beaches and thousands of hotel rooms Florida is a tremendous source of bed bug claims and litigation.

Hi, I think that I a long time ago read a post regarding bed bugs where it was mentioned that there was a public register where hotels reported if they had bed bugs. Is there such a register? It looks like we have a bed bug in our house and I was wondering if I could see if the hotel I stayed in in early October have had bed bugs

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Pest Control Exterminator - Official Site

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BedBugs.NET — The Web’s #1 Source for … – BED BUG REPORTS

Find out if your area has been bed bug infestations through our Bed Bug Registry. This Registry is essential for anyone who is traveling to a holiday destination. We currently have over 21,000 bed bug reports from AROUND the world, making our registry the largest bug registry in the world! Many of our readers upload pictures of the infestation that you can look at. If you have any questions about an infestation, you can post them in the comments section so the original bed bug report author can respond!

Travel Tip: If you are travelling, make sure you search hotels you plan to stay at for any bed bug infestation reports on our registry to avoid a potential bed bug encounter! If a hotel has had a history of bed bug infestations, you can also read reports on HOW the hotel treats the guests after being informed of bed bugs by the guest!

In the Bed Bugs GUIDE section you will find everything you need to know about bed bugs. From the basic biology of bed bugs, to various (working) bed bug treatments, our GUIDE section has everything you need to know about preventing, identifying, and eliminating bed bugs in your home. Also check out our BLOG for more information and bed bug help.

Check out our Bed Bug Store for the most effective and affordable bed bug products on the market -- for regular people and for pest control professionals alike. We've carefully choosen and made available the must have, most effective bed bug products to help you eliminate and prevent bed bug infestations -- both at home and while you travel. There's a lot of products on the market that do NOTHING.

We only list and recommend products that are proven to be effective. Even better, we've carefully written up a number of best bed bug product guides to help you choose what products to use and how to use them.

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BedBugs.NET -- The Web's #1 Source for ... - BED BUG REPORTS

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All About Bed Bugs Canada Skeptic North

Posted on 03 September 2010 by Chris Hebbern.

The bed bug resurgence

Bed bugs,Cimex lectularius, have been infesting human habitations for thousands of years. About the size of an apple seed, the bugs can hide in electronics, such as radios, in drawers, in and under furniture, behind baseboards, under loose wallpaper, behind paintings and posters, in small cracks and in the curtains. They only eat blood, and they like the taste of ours.

North Americahas seen a resurgence of bed bugs in recent years, notoriously in New York but also in cities throughout Canada, including Toronto andOttawa. Bed bugs dont discriminate by class or status: the Upper East Side has them; hostels, hospitals, and offices have them, and even the Empire State Building has had them. The bed bugs are back, and they bring with them a plague of sleepness nights.

It doesnt take a nights stay in a bed to acquire the bugs. Cinemas in New York have reported infestations. For bed bugs, a cinema is a perfect environment: darkness, soft furniture with lots of hiding places, and a ready supply of blood meals all together in a confined space. Bed bugs have been reported in offices and commercial properties, notably the offices of Time Warner. In New York City, Victorias Secret and Abercrombie & Fitch have had to shut their doors to deal with the problem.

A survey from the National Pest Management Association (NPMA) and the University of Kentucky confirms the resurgence. Prior to 2000, only 25% of U.S. pest management professionals reported an encounter with a bed bug in the past year. Now, 95% have reported bed bugs, a dramatic and sudden increase. Increased international travel, changes in indoor pest control and pesticide resistance are among the possible explanations for why the bed bugs are back.

Bed bugs hitch rides on people and on their belongings, so increased international travel might have played a role. A visit to an infested hostel or hotel room can end in the bugs being picked up on clothing and in luggage, then redeposited on furniture back home.

Pest control products have also changed. After the second world war, DDT, followed by Malathion once resistance to DDT developed, were used to kill bed bugs. It was very successful. The number of infestations remained low even after DDT was banned in the U.S. in 1972, and they stayed at low levels until the mid 1990s. Bed bug populations could have been kept in check in this period because of the use of broad spectrum residual sprays to kill cockroaches, which were phased out in favour of targeted cockroach treatments and traps in the 1990s. This change in spraying patterns might have allowed bed bug populations to grow, but theres a lot of mystery as to why the bed bugs have returned.

For many of us, bed bugs are a long forgotten memory, a success story from the Golden Age of pesticides. But there is a serious downside to this long post war period of bed bug quiescence: the public and professionals alike have lost the vigilance and knowledge necessary to manage bed bug infestations. An outbreak in a single unit in a multi-dwelling building will spread to other units if not managed correctly, and pest control professionals, who may have never dealt with bed bugs before, are having to learn fast. The public have lost the habit of checking for bed bugs, and it can take a long time to recognise bed bug bites for what they are. It is in this environment of ignorance that bed bugs are flourishing.

A history of the war on bed bugs

Our species has been living with bed bugs for centuries; at least since 3,500 B.C., based on a fossil of a bed bug that was unearthed in an Egyptian village. Bed bugs plagued the Egyptians and the Greeks, who recommended hanging a stags foot from the bedstead or placing a bowl of water underneath. It wouldnt have helped.

In the 18th and 19th Centuries, various housekeeping behaviours were advised for keeping down bed bugs. Wax or plaster of Paris was used for filling holes in the bedstead, walls and floors, to prevent the bugs from finding harborage. Spring and fall cleaning traditions helped, by turning out the beds, emptying rooms for thorough washing, and allowing a full and close inspection for bugs of all kinds. The spring clean-out took advantage of the winter cold to have knocked down bed bug numbers. Housekeepers were encouraged to examine the bedstead weekly, to avoid using wallpaper on the walls, as bugs could hide behind it, and to keep an eye on the servants, apt to bring in bed bugs on their boxes and let their own beds go to ruin. Persons returning from traveling were encouraged to check their luggage for bugs before having it put away.

When it came to defeating bed bugs, thoroughness was a virtue. May the Destroyers of Peace be Destroyed by us. Tiffin & Son, Bug Destroyers to Her Majesty, ran the gas lit sign of the Queens own bed bug hunters in the 1860s. Mr. Tiffin offered the following words of wisdom, as pertinent today as back then:

My work is more method: and I may call it a scientific treating of the bugs rather than wholesale murder. We dont care about the thousands, its the last bug we look for, whilst your carpenters and upholsterers leave as many behind them, perhaps, as they manage to catch.(1)

More generally speaking, people had a much greater vigilance toward bed bugs, something we may have no choice but to reacquire. Dr. Riley, PhD and Government Entomologist described the ubiquity of bed bugs in 1889:

I have occasionally met with a favored individual who had never seen a bed bug; but such fortunate people are rare and there are very few housekeepers who have not, by accident perhaps, or through slovenly servants, made the intimate acquaintance of the ubiquitous pest. Its odor and the effects of its bites are universally known, and the word bed buggy has entered our literature as descriptive of a particular class of odors.

Times have changed. There are relatively few people now in North America that have encountered bed bugs, and even fewer that would be able to recognise the smell. Unfortunately that number is on the rise.

The 19th century saw a number of interesting chemical solutions, of which pyrethrum was one of the better ones. It was derived from dried chrysanthemum petals and sold as Persian Powder or Keatings Powder. It is still used today as a household insecticide, but it breaks down quickly, so wouldnt have provided a lasting cure. Other bed bug treatments were rather more alarming. Corrosive sublimate was frequently recommended, as in this recipe from Dr. Riley in an 1889 edition of Good Housekeeping:

One of the best formulas for a substance with which to paint the cracks in a bedstead or the wall is one ounce corrosive sublimate, half pint alcohol and one quarter pint spirits of turpentine.

In case you were wondering, corrosive sublimate, that is, mercuric chloride, is no longer available for home use due to its acute and cumulative toxicity. It might have killed bed bugs, but eventually it might also do away with the occupant of the bed.

These were the days of not just heroic medicine, but also heroic housekeeping. If housekeepers were not mixing up mercuric chloride, they were beating quicksilver with egg whites, brushing kerosene and benzine into cracks or painting the walls with boiling alum water. They werent much of an advance over earlier remedies. In The Compleat Vermin-Killer, published in 1777, the author recommends a quite alarming bed bug treatment: gunpowder. Spread it about the crevices of your bedstead; fire it with a match, and keep the smoke in. Theres no word as to whether the bed was expected to survive.

One reader wrote in to Good Housekeeping in 1888, describing a brimstone bed bug finisher:

I took two pounds of sulphur, put it in an old pan, set the pan in a larger pan, closed all windows tight, put the pan under the bed, dropped a hot coal in the sulphur and closed the door and left the sulphur to do the rest.

In fact this was one of the more common approaches. Sulphur was a popular choice for fumigant, available in the form of sulphur candles or as brimstone. Bed bug treatments in the 1900s utilised fumigation with sulphur dioxide or hydrogen cyanide, and not unsuccessfully at that. When legislation was passed in 1936 allowing local authorities in England to manage bed bugs, this form of fumigation helped reduce infestations by up to 80%. These harsh chemical fumigants soon fell out of favour because of their very high toxicity and the new availability of less toxic pesticides.

The Golden Age of pesticides

While sulphur and hydrogen cyanide fumigation had a lot of success in eradicating bed bugs in the 1930s, it was DDT that really delivered the knock out punch.

The insecticidal properties of DDT were first discovered in 1939, earning the discoverer a Nobel Prize. DDT was immediately put to use in the war effort, and by the end of the 1940s it had been made available to professionals and homeowners alike. It worked quickly and, unlike the fumigants, did not require direct contact with the insects at the time of spraying. The residue of DDT that remained after application would kill insects that came into contact with it, so any bugs that had remained safely hidden during application would eventually succumb. DDT could be applied to beds, baseboards, walls and mattresses, and it prevented re-infestation for a year. It was inexpensive and only one application was needed to do the job.

DDT was a great success story, but it didnt last. DDT had been made available to the public in 1945, but just two years later, reports emerged of resistant bed bug populations at the Pearl Harbor Naval Base. In 1956, eleven years after DDT was put on the market, the National Pest Control Association had begun to recommend Malathion as an alternative to DDT.

Bed bugs and their exterminators have long been engaged in an arms race: the bugs acquire resistance to new chemicals, necessitating the development and introduction of new pesticides. Bug populations are now showing up with resistance to pyrethroids, one of the most popular classes of pesticides currently in use. In 2008, populations of bed bugs in New York City were found to be 264-fold more resistant to a commonly used insecticide, 1% deltapermethrin, than a population collected in Florida. Researchers from the University of Kentucky analysed 110 bed bug populations from across the U.S., and found 88 % had genetic mutations that produce knockdown resistance to pyrethroids. Complicating matters, the knockdown resistance mutation that confers tolerance to pyrethroids also confers resistance to DDT and vice versa, as both chemicals act by targeting sodium channels. Overuse of DDT in the 1940s and 1950s may have predisposed bed bug populations to later develop resistance to pyrethroids.

DDT, bed bugs and science denial

Despite all that we know about insecticide resistance, there are calls to bring back DDT. If DDT hadnt been banned, as some people are now arguing, the bed bugs wouldnt have come back. Its a claim that doesnt stand up to scrutiny.

The Heartland Institute, a free market think tank, has been pushing the revisionist line. Bed bug outbreak hits all 50 states thanks to DDT ban, they claim. And they arent alone. The Competitive Enterprise Institute points out that we once believed that bed bugs were a thing of the past having been brought under controland essentially eradicated in the U.S.due in part to the pesticide DDT. However, now that the highly effective DDT has been banned for more than three decades, bedbugs are making a resurgence absent pesticide effective enough to zap them and thanks to increased global travel.

The Toronto Sun, picking up the theme, laid the blame for bed bugs squarely at the feet of environmentalists:

Thank environmentalists for a growing bed bug plague in Toronto and elsewhere, a senior city health official told the Sun. Developing countries used DDT in the 1940s and 1950s to control the little bugs who drill into their human host sucking blood to breed. They prefer warm beds to lie in wait for often unsuspecting hosts. But bans of the synthetic pesticide and other toxic chemicals that proved harmful to humans, wildlife and plants, resulted in an explosion in developing countries by the mid-1990s.

In response to news that CNN had an outbreak of bed bugs, Newsbusters gleefully wondered how long it will be before the mainstream media pleads for a lifting of the DTT ban. Even commenters on news stories are repeating the refrain for the return of DDT.

Rewriting history

If theres a certain familiarity about these arguments, its because we have heard them before. Just substitute bed bugs for mosquitoes and throw in an attack on Rachel Carson.

When Rachel Carson wrote the book Silent Spring, in 1962, DDT was in widespread use, both in agricultural pest control and as a household pesticide. There was very little awareness of the damage it could cause. In Silent Spring, Carson documented the detrimental effects of DDT and other pesticides on ecosystems. Pesticides like DDT were accumulating in the environment and causing clear harm to populations of bald eagles, birds and fish. Her book was a wake up call to the problem of pesticide overuse and the unexpected ecosystem consequences of persistent chemicals.

Carson was vilified by the chemical industry at the time, but she had science on her side. One year after the books release, at the request of President Kennedy, the Presidents Science Advisory Committee investigated her claims and vindicated Carson. Ten years and three PSAC reviews later, and under the Republican President Richard Nixon, DDT was finally banned in the U.S.

The ban was not comprehensive, as it only applied in the U.S., not worldwide. Factories in the U.S. were permitted to continue manufacturing DDT and to sell it overseas. Exemptions were put in place maintaining DDT as an option in disease vector control in the U.S., and DDT continued to be used to control malaria around the world. Unfortunately, it also continued to be utilised intensively in agriculture, and that overuse helped drive the rapid development of resistance.

DDTs Golden Age was short lived. By 1972, the year of the U.S. ban on DDT, nineteen species of malaria-transmitting insects worldwide had developed resistance to the chemical. If DDT had stopped working it was because the insects had evolved.

Even so, it continues to find a role, albeit much reduced, in malaria control. Indoor spraying with DDT can help keep mosquito numbers down, and South Africa has been using it just for that purpose (although with the drawback that it has been found to make bed bugs more active).

So much for history.

Come the present day, where we are told that environmentalists ignored the science when they pushed for a ban on DDT, and, as a consequence, millions died. As Michael Crichton wrote in his 2004 novel State of Fear: DDT was the best agent against mosquitoes, and despite the rhetoric there was nothing anywhere near as good or as safe. Since the ban, two million people a year have died unnecessarily from malaria, mostly children. All together, the ban has caused more than fifty million needless deaths. Banning DDT killed more people than Hitler. Think tanks like the Competitive Enterprise Institute typically of an anti-regulation, anti-environmental bent have picked up on the theme. CEI claimed: In the absence of DDT use, malaria cases skyrocketed. In an all too typical omission, neither Crichton nor CEI saw fit to mention the development of insect resistance to DDT.

And so back to North America, and back to the bed bugs, where we are told once again that DDT is the solution to our problems.

Lets get real. The problem with controlling bed bugs is not that DDT isnt available. If DDT was brought back to fight bed bugs, it wouldnt get the job done because the insects have evolved. Treating bed bugs with DDT is unlikely to result in complete eradication, and it only takes one egg laying female for an outbreak to recur. Unfortunately there is nothing currently available which is as cheap, fast acting, and long lasting as DDT,. This harkening back to the golden age of pesticides helps no one, and the argument is nonsensical anyway: DDT was banned more than three decades ago, a full 25 years after bed bugs began to show resistance to it, whereas the bed bug resurgence is a far more recent phenomenon. We still dont really know why they are back, but it isnt because of a thirty-eight year ban on DDT.

People need real help to deal with bed bugs. They need good, credible advice, not this shaky denial of history and science. We should see these claims for what they are: an opportunistic attempt to make political capital from peoples desperation. There is a human cost to science denial, and it is paid in false hope.

The good news is that there are effective treatments available, pest control companies are becoming more expert at managing the problem, and local authorities are starting to take the issue seriously, such as the city of Toronto with its Bed Bug Project.

What works and what doesnt

One of the more promising options is heat treatment. In a 1916 edition of Farmers Bulletin, a U.S. entomologist recommended firing up the farmhouse furnace in midsummer to get rid of bed bugs. He was on to something: insects have a maximum tolerance for temperature beyond which they can not survive. To take advantage of this, some companies offer a heat treatment for buildings where propane heaters, tubing and fans circulate hot air and increase the indoor temperature high enough to cook the bed bugs. Its an ingenious solution, albeit not cheap; the heat can get to places that a contact insecticide may not reach, and of course pesticide resistance is not an issue.

Dogs can be used to track down bed bugs. That bed buggy smell that was familiar to our grandparents can give away their position to a trained canine. For peace of mind that a treatment has succeeded and the bugs have not returned, a bug sniffing dog could help, although the New York Magazine warns about possible scams: Any schnook with a mutt can train it to bark, then call his cousin Larry to exterminate the bugs that the dog found. That scam is now widely regarded as a growth industry.

Then there are always going to be people that want a natural, non-chemical bed bug option. Apart from baking the bugs at high temperatures, theres not a lot out there that will work. Neem oil, tea tree oil, lavender and cedar based pesticides simply do not have evidence to recommend their use and their manufacturers are not required to provide any. Bug bombs and foggers wont solve the problem, as the bugs will just scatter and hide; diatomaceous earth, a desiccant, might help, but can take weeks to be effective and cant be applied everywhere that bed bugs hide.

Call a professional. Pest control officers have a number of different techniques and tools at their disposal, from taking apart beds to find harborages, applying pesticides with different modes of action to kill the bugs or prevent egg laying, measures like using diatomaceous earth and residual pesticides, and steam treating mattresses and furniture. Professionals have far more to work with than did people a hundred years ago. While the days when a fumigation with DDT could rid a house of bed bugs are long past, that doesnt mean that the bugs cant be beat. They can, but it takes thoroughness and vigilance as well as modern techniques and technology to get it done.

Resources

Data on bed bug resistance to insecticides

Bedbuggers.com

CDC statement on bed bugs

Health Canada

Bed Bugs: Lessons from the Past

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