Bat Bug | Iowa Insect Information Notes

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Bat bugs are moderately common in Iowa, and are found in houses and buildings that are infested with bats. The bat bug is a very close relative to the bed bug. The two species look so much alike that microscopic examination is needed to confidently tell them apart.

Bat bugs feed on blood from bats, but when they wander away from the bat roost area, they will feed on other warm-blooded animals, including people. This feeding is an annoyance but is not dangerous. Bat bugs have not been found to transmit any diseases.

Controlling bat bugs requires the elimination of any bats that are present in the home or building. This is accomplished by exclusion techniques also known as "building them out" (i.e., sealing entrance cracks and holes). There are no pesticides to control bats in attics. The best time to seal bats out of the house is late summer to fall. In addition to eliminating the bats you may need to control the bugs themselves. This can be done by applying residual insecticides labeled for indoor use against bat bugs to cracks, crevices, or other bat bug hiding places. For more information on insecticides please see " Insecticides for Indoor Use." Spraying without eliminating the bats will probably provide short-term, temporary benefit but is not likely to completely control the problem.

Bed Bug or Bat Bug?

The fringe hairs on the pronotum of the bat bug (R) are as long or longer than the width of the eye; the thorax fringe-hairs are shorter in the bed bug (L). From Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet "Bat Bugs" (HYG-2105A-05)

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Bat Bug | Iowa Insect Information Notes

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