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  Massey St., Nixa, Missouri, United States Bed Bug Registry Maps & Database
  Saturday 25th of March 2023 01:04 AM

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Address : Massey St., Nixa, Missouri, United States

Details: Not Specified

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Latest Bed Bug Incidents and Infestations

Incident Radius: 50 Miles

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How Fast Do Bed Bugs Spread | Terminix

December 29th, 2021 by admin

Contrary to what you may think, bed bugs dont have a preference between a spotless space or a filthy environment. As long as they have access to a food source, they can live anywhere, so claims that bed bugs are attracted to dirt and debris are simply unfounded. That being said, clutter does make it easier for these insects to hide, which may fuel the misconceptions. Their ideal environment is warm and provides access to a blood meal. Given those conditions, you may be wondering how fast bed bugs spread? Lets look at some of their travel habits and what you need to know about how quickly they can make themselves at home.THINK YOU HAVE BED BUGS?Use BugID to find out

There's no escaping them. Bed bugs can be found in all 50 states, warns Oregon State University. And the news gets worse: Not only are bed bugs present everywhere, but the university's researchers warn that these pests "are on the rise...and not just in unsanitary locations."

Contrary to what you may think, bed bugs don't have a preference between a spotless space or a filthy environment. As long as they have access to a food source, they can live anywhere! Claims that bed bugs are attracted to dirt and debris are simply unfounded and misleading. That being said, clutter does make it easier for these insects to hide, which may fuel such misconceptions. Their ideal environment is warm and provides them with access to a human blood meal.

Given those conditions, you may be wondering how fast bed bugs spread? Let's look at some of their travel habits and what you need to know about how quickly they can make themselves at home.

Bed bugs spread so easily and so quickly, that the University of Kentucky's entomology department notes that "it often seems that bed bugs arise from nowhere."

Bed bugs don't have wings, but they spread quickly by hitchhiking and are agile and fast-moving once they're in your home. Typically, you pick up one or more of these unwanted hitchhikers when you visit a home or hotel that already has a bed bug infestation. The bed bugs hide themselves in your clothing, luggage, furniture and other items, and you inadvertently introduce them to your own house when you return home.

"Once bed bugs are introduced, they can crawl from room to room, or floor to floor via cracks and openings in walls, floors and ceilings," warns researchers at the University of Kentucky.

Bedare typically only found within about 8 feet of a person's resting space. However, what's more concerning is the distance that bed bugs spread from one infestation site to another. This distance is almost limitless due to the ability of bed bugs to survive without food for extended periods of time.

Research shows that adult bed bugs can survive for over a year without food. This means that the pests can hide on furniture, used items, clothing, footwear, luggage and other materials you've brought. They can then wait until they've traveled great distances, only to be unpacked and brought into a new home with a fresh supply of food (i.e., you and your family).

Ultimately, it can take mere minutes to travel from room-to-room, with infestations growing in a matter of weeks or months. Every day, bed bugs can lay between one and 12 eggs, and anywhere from 200 to 500 eggs in a lifetime. Those numbers should speak for themselves if you're wondering how long it takes to get an infestation of bed bugs and how quickly those bed bugs can spread. It doesn't take long for a problem to grow out of control, so the sooner you contact a pest control professional for inspection and treatment, the better off you'll be.

Bed bugs need to take blood meals from warm-blooded hosts preferably humans to survive, and they'll hide near their sources until ready to feed. How fast bed bugs spread from room to room depends partly on how long it takes to move an infested piece of furniture, clothing, luggage and/or another household item from one room to another. They can also move throughout the house in search of other hosts. If the conditions are favorable, they'll continue breeding wherever the item (or items) is moved.

The rate of how quickly bed bugs spread from house-to-house increases the more time you spend traveling or inviting people over to your home. Bed bugs are great hitchhikers, and hotels, hostels, airplanes, cruise ships and public transportation are ideal places to pick up these uninvited guests.

Bed bugs need blood meals to survive as well as to breed, but they don't physically live on human hosts. In fact, how bed bugs spread from person-to-person really doesn't have anything to do with people themselves but rather, the movement of infested items. For example, house guests could unknowingly bring them into your home from their travels and kids could bring them back on their backpacks after attending school.

Bed bugs are opportunistic, hiding and waiting until it's convenient to feed. And if their areas are disturbed, they'll find a way to move to a neighboring location, which can make the situation much more difficult to inspect and treat. Contact a Terminix bed bug control professional to get professional help in stopping the spread of bed bugs in your home.

Stopping the spread of bed bugs is all about slowing and preventing the transmission of these pests as they migrate from location to location.

First, always inspect anything that you're bringing into your home, especially if it's items from another household (e.g., used books, used clothing, used furniture, used children's toys, etc.) or if it's your own items that you used and stored in a hotel room, airplane, train, cruise ship, etc. Signs of bed bugs you should look for include:

If you notice any signs of bed bugs on your possessions, isolate the items and treat them for bed bugs before you bring them into your house.

If you're trying to stop the spread of bed bugs in the midst of an ongoing, current bed bug infestation, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says the following strategies are the most effective for keeping an infestation from spreading:

A bed bug infestation needs immediate professional treatment and control to keep these resilient pests from spreading throughout your entire home. Even one single missed bed bug can lead to a re-infestation if you are not careful.

At Terminix, we can help provide on-site inspections and put together a bed bug treatment plan tailored to the severity of your problem, the layout of your home and your personal lifestyle needs and preferences. Contact Terminix's bed bug professionals today!

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How Fast Do Bed Bugs Spread | Terminix

EcoRaider Natural Insect Spray |Bed Bugs| Mosquitoes| Ants …

December 29th, 2021 by admin

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New Orleans Ranked As One Of The 50 Rattiest Cities In America – News Radio 710 KEEL

November 5th, 2021 by admin

Pest control company Orkin knows a thing or two about rats. I mean, they're one of the best known exterminator brands in America for a reason. These guys list everything from bed bugs to flies, and spiders to rodents on their list of enemies.

So when Orkin puts out their list of "Rattiest Cities" in America list, we pay attention.

Obviously this is a list about the actual rodent. They come up with their list based on the number of "new rodent treatments" performed in each metro area. This includes both residential and commercial, according to their posting.

On the 2021 list, Chicago is #1 for the 7th straight year. Other "usual suspects" land high on the list too. Including Los Angeles at 2, New York City at 3, and San Francisco at 5.

There are some surprises on there too. Honestly I've never thought of Denver as a big "rat" city, but they land at #9. San Diego is another city that doesn't feel like it has a "rat" reputation, but they're at #17. Others that shocked me were Hartford, CT (#21), Miami (#23), Nashville (#35), Grand Rapids, MI (#32), Burlington, VT (#39), Green Bay (#45), and Portland, ME (#38).

Louisiana had one city land in this year's Top 50, and it was New Orleans.

NOLA came in at #33 on this year's list, which is actually better than last year. New Orleans actually had the biggest drop in the Top 50, going down 12 spots from last year's ranking at #25.

Based on the information included in Orkin's rankings, that's a pretty impressive move for New Orleans too. The company says that different aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic was responsible for increased calls for rodent problems. Here's what they posted:

"During an unprecedented last year, the visibility of rodents increased, creating concern for homeowners and business owners alike. The pandemic-driven closure of restaurants forced rodents to find new food sources. Without food waste to consume, these pests were seen scavenging new areas and exhibiting unusual or aggressive behavior. The presence of rodents became so relevant that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued Rodent Control guidance on ways to keep rats and mice out of homes and businesses."

They even pointed to a report in Bloomberg that suggested rodent complaint calls surged over80% in New York City in March of 2021.

So as other metros had an increasing rat problem, it appears New Orleans was improving.

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New Orleans Ranked As One Of The 50 Rattiest Cities In America - News Radio 710 KEEL

Mount Sinai contends with bedbug outbreak in rehab area – New York Post

October 23rd, 2021 by admin

Mount Sinai dealt with a bedbug outbreak that had one staff member comparing the premises to the Rikers Island prison complex.

Some employees were alerted on Sunday to the itchy problem on the second floor of the Mount Sinai Rehabilitation Center on Madison Avenue, sources told The Post.

But it wasnt until Wednesday that pest control workers were seen in the hospital, sources said.

That led one nurse to slam management as completely reckless.

This is a hospital, not Rikers, the nurse said, referring to the chaotic city prison complex.

The bedbugs were found in an area of the hospital where patients rehab from spinal cord injuries, sources said.

Management should be ashamed for waiting until (Wednesday) to call pest control and continuing to put our patients in danger when they come here to heal, one physician told The Post. A worried and upset relative of a patient had alerted him to the presence of the pesky bugs on Sunday afternoon, he said.

But in a statement to The Post, the hospital said the issue was dealt with promptly.

As soon as it was discovered, we brought in environmental management and pest control, a spokesperson for Mount Sinai Health System said. The spokesperson confirmed the bedbugs but didnt offer an exact timeline of when the problem came to the administrations attention.

Earlier this week, bedbugs were identified in and around a staff area, the spokesperson said.

As per hospital protocol, environmental services and pest control were notified. The area was cleared of personal belongings, closed, treated and disinfected.

A dog trained in pest inspection sniffed around the second floor with a little black vest with the words Working Dog emblazoned on it.

Some workers were wearing extra PPE amid the infestation, with a physician claiming to have seen one nurse in head to toe PPE gear.

One former patient also told The Post that bedbugs were found in the hospitals ER about a month ago, and he had to hire an inspection company to check his Upper West Side home to make sure none came home with him.

That was confirmed by John Brickman, a partner at NYC Bed Bug Inspections but he stressed that Mount Sinai was not a particular problem area, with other hospitals also having issues.

We get calls from everywhere hotels, department stores, airports and, yeah, hospitals, he said, stressing that they are normally just isolated incidents that are treated and quickly cleared.

It never stops. Anywhere theres human traffic you run the risk of catching bedbugs, he warned.

Hospitals are particularly vulnerable because they cant deny people at the door so they end up taking whatever they have, he said.

Some hospitals also deal with more homeless people than others, and thats why you have some that are more infested than others because of the type of people coming in and out.

But generally theres a protocol in place at each one to help remediate anything thats happening, he said.

The company was not called in for service in this weeks problem.

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Mount Sinai contends with bedbug outbreak in rehab area - New York Post

Life On The High Seas Aboard A Tin Can Destroyer During The Cold War – The Drive

October 23rd, 2021 by admin

In my previous article, I described two intense days frantically hunting a Soviet submarine in the Strait of Gibraltar back in 1967. I was a low-ranking sailor serving aboard the USS Steinaker the World War II-era Gearing class destroyer I sailed on for two years.Now Id like to describe some of our other high-seas adventures, and what life was like living aboard a destroyer in those days.

A warship like Steinaker is never left unattended, or completely powered down. Walking around the ship, you would always be aware of machinery noises, and powerful exhaust fans venting hot air from deep in the ships engineering spaces. You could always feel small vibrations, as if the ship was alive, and in a way it was. The ship was powered by high-pressure superheated steam produced by two large boilers that were heated with a thick, foul-smelling type of oil called bunker fuel.

The boilers were housed in their own space. When I was a new crewman, I got a tour of the boiler room. I remember a crewman leaning over near a steam line and lighting his cigarette by touching it to the line. The heat was intense in that compartment in some areas up to 150 degrees. The inlet end of the exhaust fans was in the boiler room, and you could stand under them to try to cool off. The steam was piped to the engine room, where it turned two turbines and probably other equipment such as generators. It would then be returned to the boiler room to be reheated.

What we usually think of as steam is really water vapor suspended in steam. Steam is a dry colorless gas. When you heat water to the boiling point, it changes state from a liquid to a gas, and you produce steam, but it doesnt contain much energy. If you lower the temperature even slightly, it will change states from a dry gas back to a liquid again. To make the steam useful, the energy needs to be greatly increased by raising the temperature and pressure. That way it can release tremendous energy while turning the turbine and still remain a dry gas.


USS Steinaker, its bow soakeda normal occurrence.

The ship produced 60,000 horsepower from two steam lines that were about six inches in diameter. Its hard to wrap your mind around the power of high-pressure superheated steam. You cant see steam. That makes a leak extremely dangerous. A leak would create a huge white cloud of vapor in the compartment, but the actual steam leak could be many feet away because the white cloud would only form once the steam had cooled and the water began changing state from a gas to microscopic liquid droplets.

When looking for a steam leak, the boiler room folks were taught to wave a broom in front of them as they slowly approached a possible source. When they waved the broom in front of the leak it would cut all the bristles off, leaving a stump at the end of the pole.

Nowadays, U.S. Navy destroyers are powered by large gas-turbine engines just like the engines you might see on a large passenger jet but designed to turn a shaft instead of producing thrust. Gas turbines take up much less space, and the ship should be able to get underway from a cold start faster than a ship that had to fire up its boilers and slowly produce steam. The cost of running a gas turbine-powered ship must be impressive. Bunker fuel is cheap, but jet fuel is not.

Clearly, in the last five decades, just about everything on a destroyer has changed propulsion, weapon systems, sensors, navigation, and communications. But some things have not. The mission to project power and protect the sea lanes remains the same, and destroyers are still making cruises to the same destinations we did.

The ocean remains the same, and the Navy is still faced with the same design issue how do you cram a lot of sailors into a relatively small ship?

In the picture above, Steinaker is sailing at a moderate speed through calm seas. I spent half of my two years on Steinaker living in the forward berthing compartment, which was located about where you see 863 painted on the bow. In heavy weather, the bow constantly rose up (as in the photo) and then plunged into the next wave and was often completely submerged. Tons of water rolled across the deck, slamming into that forward gun mount, and was blasted high into the air where it landed on top of the 03-level where the bridge and Combat Information Center (CIC) were located.

More about that later

Sea states are described using the Beaufort Scale, which runs from zero to 12. In the picture, I would say this was maybe three on the scale, and thats probably a stretch. Here are the descriptions of sea states three and twelve, for comparison:


My point is that destroyers can be rough-riding ships, even in calm conditions, but why do I mention sea state 12? Because Steinaker went through a hurricane while I was aboard. Ships do not normally steam into the middle of a hurricane, but hurricane paths are difficult to predict, and Steinaker wasnt the first ship to relocate to avoid a hurricane only to have the storm change course and run it down.

In our case, I remember being tied up at a small pier in Key West when we got the word that a hurricane was building in intensity and heading right for us. Ships do not want to get caught in shallow or restricted water when a big storm is headed their way, so we departed to the east to get some sea room, only to have the storm unexpectedly veer to the east and run us over.

I remember the anemometer in Combat (the Combat Information Center, or CIC) hovering around 75 knots and occasionally peaking at around 100 knots. I honestly do not remember it being that big a deal. Of course, that was over 50 years ago, and I am reminded of the definition of the good old days a good imagination and a bad memory. Maybe I was terrified while trapped in a windowless compartment listening to tons of water landing on top of us and hanging on for dear life.

All the chairs in CIC had seatbelts for a reason!

We had a public address system on the ship called the 1MC. I just Googled it and found that MC is short for Main Circuit. Anyway, it was common to hear, Now hear this. All hands stand clear of the weather decks while maneuvering at high speed through heavy seas. I took this picture with my little Minox camera showing why you would want to heed that warning:

Courtesy of the Author

A view of the ocean from the Steinaker in rough weather.

This picture was typical of what I remember the sea was always a dull gray and so was the sky. The only time in the two years I saw blue water was on a short trip to Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. The water in the bay was beautiful and the bottom was white sand that visit is for another time.

There were 21 of us housed in the forward berthing compartment, which was the size of the average apartments living room. Each person had a rack that consisted of a tubular aluminum frame with a canvas sheet stretched tight inside it. On top of the canvas was a thin mattress enclosed in a fart sack, which was like a large pillowcase.

Racks were stacked three high and lined up in rows. Some rows were freestanding, and others were attached to the bulkheads. I was in the middle between the lower and upper racks. That was a plus, as I was less likely to break my neck when I was tossed out of my rack and landed on the deck during a storm.

My row of racks was attached to the bulkhead with hinges, and the outer side was held in place with a chain at each end. When I lay flat on my back, with my elbows at my side, I could touch the top guys mattress with my fingers.

Between me and the bulkhead was a high-pressure steam line that ran from the boiler room to the engine room. It was insulated with asbestos and was about six inches in diameter. At my feet was a small fan. At night, when I managed to get to sleep, I occasionally stretched and stuck my toe into the fan.


Enlisted berthing racks similar to those found on Gearing class destroyers

Below the bottom racks were small lockers where we stored all our possessions. If that bottom rack was occupied you could not get to your locker. That often happened since we were not all in the same watch sections half were on watch while the other half slept. So, by necessity, you might go on watch, leaving your small douche kit or a paperback book laying on your rack. Our chief would make regular visits into our compartment and collect any loose items he could find and lock them away in a locker he had commandeered. Each week there was a reckoning, and we were given two hours of extra duty for each item he collected.

We soon caught on to the chiefs schedule the reckoning always took place on Friday, so each Thursday we simply pounded the hinge pin out of his locker, redistributed his confiscated items, and then replaced the hinge pin. The chief was no fool. He soon figured out our scheme and added a second padlock. He insisted that the compartment lights always be on during daylight hours, and no towels or other items could be hung from the racks above to block the light. He was beloved by all, and we all enjoyed his petty torments. Eventually, it came to the attention of the officers that some of us seemed to have a bad attitude, but I digress

Picture yourself totally exhausted from long hours on watch and trying desperately to get some sleep. In heavy weather the bow moved up and down about 15 feet as the ship plowed through the waves. One second you were pressed down in your rack as the bow rose up the side of a wave, and the next you were floating weightless as the bow dropped into a trough. The only way to not get tossed out of your rack and onto the deck was to sleep on your stomach and wrap your arms and legs around the racks frame like a spider.

Each rack had some straps that you could use to tie yourself in with, but no one seemed to like those. You could also get a shipmate to tip your rack way up and shorten the chains, so you were wedged in, but then you could not get out by yourself, and that could be a big problem.

To these many layers of misery, you need to add the constant sound of the entire compartment going underwater and the noise of the sonar, which was not far below us. Actually, after a while I found the sonar restful. About once every five seconds, it made the sound you hear in every submarine war movie youve ever seen. Because my rack was against the bulkhead, I could hear the sonar pulse and the echoes reverberating.

At some point in my two years, I was also assigned to live in the aft berthing compartment. That was infinitely better, with no constant up and down motion, and at the far end of the ship from the sonar dome.

So far, Ive just been bitching about normal everyday physical misery and discomfort. Now I want to talk about a storm! You may be asking yourself, what is he going to whine about now? Im sure destroyers are completely safe in all weather conditions, right?


For example, on Dec. 18, 1944, Task Force 38 was struck by Typhoon Cobra sometimes called Halseys Typhoon off the Philippines. The destroyers USS Hull (DD-350), Spence (DD-512), and Monaghan (DD-354) all capsized and sank. Seven hundred ninety men were killed and 80 injured.

A destroyer can only roll so far before it capsizes. I think we came awfully close in the story I am going to tell you now.

During my first Med cruise, we found ourselves tied up next to this magnificent cruise ship the Michelangelo. I took this picture while we were both pierside in Genoa, Italy. That day, I had occasion to climb to the surface-search radar platform on the main mast with a shipmate to do some maintenance. I remember looking across at Michelangelo and commenting that it was so huge its main deck was higher than we were!

Courtesy of the Author

The cruise ship Michaelangelo in Genoa, Italy, in 1966.

Courtesy of the Author

For an idea of just how tall the cruise ship's hull was, this is what it looked like from where the author was viewing the ship.

On the seventh of April 1966, we both sailed out of Genoa and headed for the Atlantic. Steinaker was heading home. Five days later, on the morning of April 12, we both found ourselves mid-Atlantic and caught in a monstrous storm. The waves were massive the size of large buildings. Steinaker had 60,000 shaft horsepower, twin screws, and twin rudders. Normally that would result in a very capable and maneuverable ship. But on that day we were completely helpless. One minute we would be pointed north, the next east totally out of control. The extremely odd thing was that there was no wind to speak of and the sky was blue.

Whatever had caused these massive waves was gone.

When we were at the top of a wave, we could see for several miles. There was a large merchant ship about one mile away. I remember seeing it with the bow buried in a wave and the bronze propeller completely out of the water, turning slowly and with the sun glinting off the blades. Then we would slide down into a trough and lose sight of the ship. The next time we rose, that ship would be pointed in a completely different direction. We were both in big trouble.

The little destroyer, seen here pre-upgrade, was not the smoothest ride when waves were present.

Above our bridge windows at the center, there was an inclinometer, which consisted of a curved glass tube filled with an amber liquid. Inside the tube was a black marble that was free to roll to the lowest point in the tube. The inclinometer was marked off in degrees. While sliding down a wave sideways, we took a starboard roll of 56 degrees. We had been told we would capsize somewhere around 65 degrees. Time seemed to freeze. Would we right ourselves or capsize? I can still see the little bubbles in the inclinometer tube in my head.

With a 56-degree roll, it is easier to walk on the bulkhead than on the deck. These extreme rolls caused everything to go flying in every direction. I ended up on my butt, jammed up against the starboard bridge-wing door at the lowest spot formed by the sloping deck and starboard bulkhead, a pile of loose items in my lap. I remember straining my neck to look out the bridge-wing window. All I could see was a massive, malevolent wall of gray water that stretched up and out of sight above us. We never practiced abandoning ship, and I dont remember ever seeing a life jacket. We had a few lifeboats that had to be lowered by pulleys. Totally useless in rough seas.

It was clear we would all go down with the ship, or we would all make it out alive. It was just a question of physics.

Meanwhile, on the Michelangelo, a huge wave came across the main deck and crushed a large section of the ship. Four passengers were killed, and 50 were injured. Damage was extensive. The ship managed to limp into New York Harbor. Michelangelo estimated the wave height at 18 meters, or 60 feet. Sebastian Junger described this storm in his book The Perfect Storm.

Courtesy of the Author

This picture was shot from the bridge on Michelangelo during the storm. Remember that Michelangelo's main deck was higher than the top of Steinakers main mast!

Food on Steinaker was different from my mothers cooking. Sometimes the cooks would get bored and use food coloring to dye our scrambled eggs bright green. They also had a habit of serving really greasy slimy food when the weather was unusually rough. This leads seamlessly into another topic sea sickness. But first, a bit more reminiscing.

I do remember with great fondness the mashed potatoes. The potatoes were stored on the main deck in large cabinets with many holes for air circulation. In rough weather, they would get drenched with seawater, but the potatoes didnt seem to mind. Mashed potatoes were universally good. I dont think the cooks bothered to peel them, so there were small pieces of peel mixed in. I have to say that my favorite dinner ingredient was those mashed potatoes.

In my previous article about the encounter with the Russian Foxtrot submarine, I described two very intense days, but there were also times when we were simply steaming independently through the night. During times like that, things were very relaxed. Most of the crew would be sleeping, and my world would consist of the three lookouts, the bridge talker, and whoever was in Combat with me. We were all on the same sound-powered voice circuit. I remember killing time by asking everyone a brain teaser, such as I have ten coins in my pocket. They add up to sixty-four cents. What are they?

Id also try to keep the lookouts company, since Id been one earlier in my short career. If there was a surface contact on the radar I thought was visible, Id give the lookout facing that way the bearing. The visible horizon from their height above the sea was about 13 miles to the top of another ships masthead lights. If you had very good eyesight, you could catch momentary glimpses of them. Anyway, occasionally, around three in the morning, the smell of baking bread would manage to work its way all the way to the top deck on the ship. One of us would go down and get a hot loaf of bread from the cook, along with a brick of butter and a jar of jam.

Man, that hot bread tasted good! I look back on rare times like that with fondness.

In general, food especially perishable items is loaded at the last minute before a trip. As a low-ranking crewman, I got tagged for all the working parties, and loading provisions was a common one. I remember bringing a large box of frozen beef on board. On the box it said, USDA Good. Im not sure you can find that grade at the supermarket. It must be a special-order item.

Milk deserves a special category all to itself. I think the Navy tried hard to always get the very freshest milk delivered to the ship at the very last minute. Once underway, one of two possibilities would happen either we would run out, or the milk would start to go bad. In the latter case, the cooks would attempt to forestall the inevitable by using a series of clever steps. At first adding a bit of canned milk might disguise the taste and slightly brown color. Eventually, that would no longer pass the gag test, and they would have to add sugar, and maybe some powdered milk. Finally, it became a lost cause.

Once the milk ran out, other substitutes were called for. We used to have those small cereal packs that had ten choices in a carton. For the Navy, they were packed for ocean shipment by covering them in some sort of tar paper and then vacuum-sealing them in aluminum foil. We must have gotten a batch that had been in storage since the Korean War, because the tar paper taste had permeated into the corn flakes. One morning, I remember eating a bowl of tar-flavored corn flakes with purple Kool Aid instead of milk.


Steinaker, sometime after her 1965 fleet revitalization and modernization upgrade in 1965.

Normally, the new watch section can go to the front of the chow line, eat, and then get up to CIC to relieve the watchstanders, who then have to rush down to get whatever is left. I remember arriving one day at the back of the chow line with a serious hunger. The evening meal was supposed to be chicken stew. When I arrived in front of the stew pot, I glanced inside. It looked like dirty dishwater with a few small flakes of meat floating in it. But at the bottom I could see a big juicy piece of meat. I told the cook I wanted that piece. An argument ensued, in which he wanted to know why I should get special treatment. I insisted and eventually he relented and granted my request.

I soon joined my shipmates and began attempting to cut my big juicy piece of meat. I remember that my knife was serrated, and it seemed to be scraping off crumbs. I tried reorienting the knife to cut the meat with the grain, but it didnt seem to have any grain. Eventually, I turned it over, and it had printing on it.

I was trying to eat part of the cardboard box the chicken came in.

The largest compartment on the ship was where we ate, and it sat directly over the midship berthing compartment. There were long tables that ran across the compartment from side to side. Food was served on metal trays like school kids probably use. The table edges were lined with a small lip to help keep the trays from sliding off in rough weather. That happened so frequently that we had a name for it Chow Course.

One particular evening, spaghetti was the main course, and I was hungry. I piled my tray high and then found a spot to sit at the end of a table. I sat my tray down, judged that the ship was fairly steady, and headed over to the bug juice dispenser. Just as I was headed back to my spot, the ship took a sickening roll that angled the table in a downward direction from my end. The tray started sliding slowly at first. As it picked up speed, each person simply raised their tray off the table to let it pass. By the time it reached the other end of the table, it was moving! It hit that little lip like a ski jump, and it was catapulted into the air. As if in slow motion, it floated through the air without losing a single noodle and dropped straight down the hatch leading to the midship berthing compartment. Time stood still. Imagine the boatswains mates surprise when a fully laden tray of spaghetti descended straight down that hatch and landed squarely on his head!

That wasnt the only unexpected roll, and, in short order, people were slipping and sliding all over the place. Noodles and spaghetti covered the deck. It started to look like a tag-team mud-wrestling contest with noodles instead of mud.

Just another navy day at sea on a destroyer.

Hows this for a segue? When I first arrived on the ship, they were already preparing for my first Med cruise. One of the more common modes of entertainment on any ship is to mess with the new arrivals. I was almost immediately sent looking for a pot of relative-bearing grease.

I had been learning to fly before I joined the Navy, and I knew what a relative bearing was, so they switched to plan B: Speak constantly about how rough the ocean would be once we got underway. The goal was to get into the new guys head and get him worrying. Once you achieved that, nature would do the rest.

I didnt fall for that one either. I had experience. When I was a kid, my parents moved us to New York for a few years and I had ridden the Staten Island Ferry several times. I never got seasick.

I was confident.

The waterway leading from the Norfolk Naval Base to the Atlantic Ocean is long and complicated. This whole complex collection of waterways is called Hampton Roads. It takes quite a while to reach the ocean. Once underway, I spent the time convincing myself that the ship wasnt any different than the Staten Island ferry boat. Eventually, we reached the ocean, and I realized I was in big trouble.

It wasnt long before I was leaning over the side and praying to the god of seasick sailors, ORoark. That was the only time I lost my lunch, but I spent most of the remaining two years with a headache.

There is a reason for that. Fear of the unknown and lack of experience are huge problems, but easily overcome. Once youve been through rough weather a few times, you will know what to expect.

You can also take precautions. We used to eat an entire box of saltine crackers before heading out after being in port for a while. The theory was that having a big wad of cracker dough in your stomach instead of your stomach contents sloshing around with normal food would help.


Comparison of two U.S. Navy Gearing-class destroyers from World War II and after the Fleet Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM) I refit in the early 1960s. USS Sarsfield (DD-837) is shown on 23 August 1945, about three weeks after her commissioning. She features three 12.7-cm/38 twin mounts, 16 40-mm Bofors AA guns, and 5 53.3 cm torpedo tubes between the funnels. USS Rowan (DD-782) is shown circa early 1965, after her FRAM I refit: she has two 12.7-cm mounts, Mk 32 torpedo launchers, SPS-37 radar, ASROC launcher between the funnels, and a Drone Anti-Submarine Helicopter (DASH) hangar and flight deck aft.

This next story takes place somewhere in the middle of the ocean at night in rough weather. It makes no difference where it happened, and I tell it not to show that I had a cast-iron stomach or was tougher than everyone else, but to prove there is a very strong mind-over-matter aspect to seasickness.

It was a miserable night. The ships motion was nauseating in the extreme. There is a best course to sail for the smoothest ride, but that may not be the direction you need to go. As seems to be the case in my stories, I was on the surface-search radar and responsible for preventing collisions with other ships. I dont remember, but if we were operating with a carrier task force there would have been a lot going on. Everything conspired to make us all want to die. Water was probably being thrown on top of our compartment, the wind was probably howling, and the smell of vomit was strong. Everyone in CIC was sick but me. That included our division officer, who was lying face down on the deck with his head near the entrance to CIC. Anyone entering would bang the door into his head. He lay near a trash can, and every now and then he would raise his head to puke into the can. I had a splitting headache, but I wasnt incapacitated for the simple reason that I couldnt afford to be. The safety of the ship depended on me.

If someone else had been on that position they would not have had the luxury to be sick either.

Mind over matter.

When we were in a foreign port, the crew would be allowed to go ashore after they had completed their duties for the day, but we all had to return by midnight. The age of the average junior enlisted man was probably about 20, and most had never been away from home prior to joining the Navy. Their favorite activity seemed to be to find the closest bar and proceed to get as drunk as possible.

Some thought starting a large bar fight only added to the fun. I didnt drink, but wandering the dock area of a strange foreign port alone in the middle of the night was a bad idea. There were a lot of people that didnt like American sailors. So, often, I would end up in a bar anyway. I could act as the designated sober guy for some of my shipmates.

In addition to the small individual lockers we each had, there was a communal locker where we kept our large pea coats. Each was kept in a plastic bag with a zipper. I bring this up because, after waking one morning, after we had all been ashore the night before, I mentioned that I had had a vivid dream. I dreamt that someone had taken a piss in the pea coat locker. It was such a vivid dream that I felt compelled to look.

I guess it wasnt a dream after all.

The bottom of one bag was swollen with what looked like a gallon of urine. The bottom of the pea coat was immersed and it acted as a wick, so the entire bottom of the coat was saturated.

No problem. It wasnt my bag!

One more sea story. This one also takes place in our berthing compartment. The aisle between rows of racks was narrow. On the top rack of one row lived a sailor with a temper. Adjacent to him was a sailor who snored loudly. I dreamt that they were having a fight in the middle of the night. In the morning, the sailor who snored was complaining he had been attacked by bed bugs during the night because his face was covered with welts. I glanced across to the grouchy guys rack and there was a metal clothes hanger that was bent up like a pretzel.

I was the only one who knew what had happened while they both slept. I kept it to myself.

Okay One more sea story. At some point, a first-class electronics tech came aboard. A first class is a pretty high enlisted rank an E-6. It takes years to attain that rank, but he had served his entire Navy career up to that point working ashore. This was to be his first experience on a ship. He was a genuinely nice guy and wanted to get off on the right foot with the rest of the crew, so he asked if there was anything he could do.

Big mistake!


A hand-painted Steinaker seal.

One of the first things you learn is to never volunteer, unless you are extremely bored and want to roll the dice. Anyway, it was suggested that he could stand mail-buoy watch on the bow, which would be most appreciated. Of course, never having served aboard a ship, he was unfamiliar with how we received our mail at sea. It was explained that the Navy always knew where we were, and our intended course, so they could pack our mail in a waterproof sack attached to a bright red buoy with a flashing light attached and chuck it out of a plane directly in our path. That was such a masterful load of BS that I almost believed it myself!

Standing on the bow, searching for the mail buoy, you are visible to everyone on the bridge. No one stands on the bow underway because its cold and windy, and youre going to get blasted with spray, even on a good day.

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Life On The High Seas Aboard A Tin Can Destroyer During The Cold War - The Drive

Slog PM: The Seattle Times Backs Sarah Perry, Bed-Bug Submarine Hits Object but Who Knows Why, and Where Is That Record Shop Opening? -…

October 13th, 2021 by admin

"Ahoy, mateys!" said the bed bugs. Courtesy the motherfucking Navy

Well! The Seattle Times Editorial Board and the Stranger Election Control Board agree. Vote Sarah Perry for King County Council.


The legendary guitar virtuoso takes the stage at Benaroya Hall for one night only - get your tickets here!

FYI: The Stranger Election Control Board's general election endorsements come out next Wednesday, the same day ballots get mailed out.

Yesterday in Slog PM, Charles overviewed the racist mailer from Councilmember Kathy Lambert that targeted her colleague Councilmember Girmay Zahilay: Lambert seems to have stuck to her indignation. She told KING 5 it was "preposterous" that her actions were racist, saying, "I do a lot of work in Africa so if I had something against him because of his color I wouldn't be doing the work I do in Africa. She's had plenty of time to learn from her mistakes.

Gay City has a new home: They hope to move into the Pine Bellevue office building at 400 E Pine by the end of the year, reports Capitol Hill Seattle blog.

Sub flub: A Bremerton-based submarine called the USS Connecticut, described as "one of the U.S. Navy's most advanced and secretive submarines," hit an "object" while submerged in the South China Sea on October 2, the Navy announced today. 11 sailors were injured, although none of the injuries are life-threatening. Here's the Navy:

The submarine remains in a safe and stable condition. USS Connecticuts nuclear propulsion plant and spaces were not affected and remain fully operational. The extent of damage to the remainder of the submarine is being assessed. The U.S. Navy has not requested assistance. The incident will be investigated.

Maybe we can blame... bed bugs? The USS Connecticut has a history of nasty bed bugs. This is from March of this year:

It got so bad that some crew members took to sleeping in chairs or on the floor of the crews mess to escape the elusive bloodsuckers during their deployment, said one petty officer.

People were getting eaten alive in their racks, said the petty officer, who alleges that the infestation spread to several enlisted berthing spaces and at least one officer state room.


If someones sleep deprived because theyre in the rack getting eaten alive by bedbugs, he could fall asleep at (the controls) and run us into an underwater mountain, the petty officer said.

Just saying.

A new Senate Judiciary Committee report details the extraordinary lengths Trump went to in his attempt to overthrow the 2020 election, pushing GOP leaders across the country to declare massive voter fraud, and using intimidation tactics against the Justice Department to the point where there were almost mass resignations. Please, no Trump 2024.

Meanwhile Trump and his lawyers are advising his former aidesincluding Mark Meadows, Kash Patel, Dan Scavino, and Stephen Bannonto ignore subpoenas to appear before Congress and answer questions about the former president's involvement with the January 6 domestic terrorist attack on the capitol. (Good! We'd love to see all these guys in jail.)

Pfizer pharmaceutical is asking the FDA for emergency approval of their COVID vaccine for kids ages 5 to 11, and an FDA advisory committee has agreed to consider it at a meeting later this month.

Good luck trying to go to the San Juans: Crew shortages are leading to lots of cancellations.

Today in "things we don't talk about enough": "Artist puts coffin on Trump's Hollywood star to highlight preventable COVID-19 deaths."

People are eating up the news that William Shatner is headed to space, thanks to Jeff Bezos's Kent-headquartered Blue Origin: "Bezos reaches for a star," reads one New York Times headline out today, featuring snazzy lines, like: "The billionaire space race is happening, whether we choose to pay attention or not. Of course, the billionaires would prefer that we did."

We're no Musk fanboys, but we've been thinking about this exchange all week:

What do you call the neighborhood around the Seattle Center: Lower Queen Anne? Uptown? West Seattle Center? The question came up today because we mentioned there's a new record shop opening up in Queen Anne, and someone on Reddit complained we should've said Uptown.

The City calls it Uptown: Seattle City Councilmember Andrew Lewis proposed a resolution earlier this year to officially call that area Uptown. It passed 8-0 (Strauss didn't vote), and Google followed suit by updating its map. But culturally... the name doesn't seem to stick.

Nathalie Graham texted Councilmember Lewis about his resolution back in April: Here's what he said.

What do you say to people who think the change is dumb?

Lewis: "Uptown is in the process of forging its own unique identity separate from Queen Anne. They asked me to put forward a resolution affirming the Uptown name for the neighborhood. People are free to call it what they want, but its clear Uptowners want that to be the official name."

We're sticking with Lower Queen Anne: But we're open-minded about Uptown. That said, we don't have skin in this game; most of us live on Capitol Hill

Wait, wait, one last thing: Is Shaq in Uptown?


Alegra, a beloved classic, reinterpreted with signature songs, acrobatics and memorable characters

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Slog PM: The Seattle Times Backs Sarah Perry, Bed-Bug Submarine Hits Object but Who Knows Why, and Where Is That Record Shop Opening? -...

Bugs That Look Like Roaches (But Aren’t) | Cockroach Facts

July 5th, 2021 by admin

Cockroach Facts is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to

No one wants to find cockroaches in their home. But when you see a bug on the floor, its hard not to panicwas that a cockroach? You desperately hope its something else. And since there are a few bugs that look like roaches (but arent), you might actually be in luck.

A handful of easy-to-use products can solve most cockroach problems.

So, what bugs look like cockroaches? Turns out, there are quite a few, from beetles and water bugs to crickets and termites. Well help you find out if your creepy crawler is a cockroach or just an impostor. With the right information, you can come up with the best plan to get rid of it.

Our first cockroach lookalike is the beetle. Although there is a huge diversity of beetles (over 400,000 species), some of them are similar to roaches in shape, size and coloring. A few species of ground beetle and a type of scarab beetle called the June bug tend to look an awful lot like roaches. So, how do you know if its a beetle or a cockroach?

First, cockroaches tend to have longer legs and antennae than beetles. Further, their wings, which come in two pairs like those of beetles (a top and bottom pair), are leathery on top, unlike the beetles which are hard.

Ground beetles (of which there are over 2,000 species) have small heads, hard wings, and eat garden pests. The black ground beetle is often confused with the Oriental cockroach, which has a downward-pointing head and shorter wings.

June bugs (also called June beetles or May beetles) are reddish-brown to black, rounder than cockroaches, and eat plantsmainly tree leaves. Some have fringed antennae that resemble eyelashes.

Theyre attracted to light, while most species of cockroach tend to avoid light. Further, June bugs are pretty clumsy in comparison to the swift and agile cockroach. You might catch June bugs bumbling around on the ground or flying into walls.

While some beetles bite, a bite from a cockroach is rare. Most cockroaches dont even want to approach humans. Youre also unlikely to find a beetle in your homethey prefer to live outside.

Cockroaches, as you probably know, love to find ways into homes. Unlike cockroaches, which emerge from their eggs as tiny versions of adults, beetles start life as larvae, some of which are called grubs.

This section might at first be confusing. Isnt a water bug a type of cockroach? Thats a common belief that, it turns out, is actually a common mistake.

You may have heard Oriental cockroaches or smoky brown cockroaches referred to as water bugs . In fact, there are quite a few insects that are called water bugs (e.g., water striders, water boatmen, water scorpions), but theres only one type that rightfully carries the name.

True water bugs (family Belostomatidae) live in water, unlike cockroaches. Roaches prefer moist areas but cant survive in water . And the differences between a roach and a water bug dont stop there.

Some water bug species most notably the giant water buggrow to be as long as four inches. Meanwhile, the only cockroach species that even approaches the water bugs size is the American cockroach, which can approach 3 inches in length. However, American cockroaches have a distinctive yellow pattern on their heads that resembles the number eight.

Water bugs two front legs have pincers adapted to catch prey, and they lack antennae entirely. They have strong beaks and have been known to bite humans. Unlike roaches, they are attracted to light. Water bugs are predators; their diet consists of small aquatic animals like fish and tadpoles.

In contrast, cockroaches will eat pretty much anything. Theyre best known for eating garbage and scavenging for crumbs. Like beetles, water bugs are mostly found outside and rarely venture into homes.

The next time someone asks, Is a water bug a cockroach? you can tell them all about the various distinctions between water bugs and roaches.

Whats the difference between a cockroach and a palmetto bug? Thats a trick question. Because there isnt one.

American cockroaches and smoky brown cockroaches are both called palmetto bugs. So is the Florida woods cockroach. And sometimes the wood roach, too. The Florida woods cockroach got this nickname because it likes to hide beneath palmetto leaves.

The American cockroach got it because polite southern folks preferred not to admit to having a cockroach in their house.

And the smokybrown cockroach got it because, well to be polite you might as well not admit to having any cockroach in your house.

Of the three, the American cockroach is the most common, the one most frequently referred to as a palmetto bug, and as a result of their large size and disgusting nature the one most generally despised. Other nicknames for the American cockroach include flying waterbug, Bombay canary, southern cockroach, and flying cockroach.

Bed bugs are sometimes mistaken for cockroach nymphs especially baby German roaches. Both are typically reddish-brown in color (the German nymph only at a certain stage), lack wings, and have an oval shape.

Youll probably have to collect one to make a clear distinction between a baby cockroach and a bed bug because theyre both so small. Bed bugs adults are typically less than 0.2 inches long and cockroach nymphs- particularly the tiny German species- can be similar in size.

However, bed bugs are usually shorter and rounder than cockroaches, which have more oval-shaped bodies. Theyre also a reddish brown as opposed to the German cockroaches tan or golden brown color, and have shorter antennae.

Cockroaches and termites are pretty different in appearance and habits. However, theyre very closely related. In fact, researchers recently discovered that a termite is actually a type of cockroach.

Termites are small (between 0.16 to 0.59 inches long) with soft bodies and short antennae. In the U.S., there are about 40 species of termites, ranging in color from white to light brown. Cockroaches are typically larger, with harder bodies and long antennae. Cockroaches are only white when they have just molted (read more about the albino cockroach), but its rare to see them during this vulnerable time.

Cockroaches are solitary creaturesthey dont form colonies. Termites, on the other hand, are social and live in large colonies with a queen and a king. These two insects also behave differently indoors.

Termites prefer to live inside walls, where they have plenty of space to build their colonies and a ready food source. Termites eat mainly cellulose, which is obtained from wood, grass, and leaves. Cockroaches, on the other hand, will eat just about anything. Theyre most often found in kitchens or near other reliable food and water sources.

Crickets (family Gryllidae) are sometimes mistaken for cockroaches but there are important differences between the two. Crickets range in color from brown to black, much like some cockroach species. They also have long antennae. However, cockroaches bodies are flattened and oval-shaped, while crickets have a more cylindrical body.

Crickets also have very long rear legs, modified for jumping, which they do when disturbed. A cockroachs six legs, which are basically the same length, are used to crawl, run, and sometimes climb. Like beetles, crickets are unlikely to enter your home in large numbers.

Recommended for all cockroaches.

Used to measure and monitor a cockroach infestation and provide some supplemental control.

P.I. is a pyrethrin-based spray insecticide that kills roaches fast. Best when used as a supplement to other treatments, its not inexpensive, but far more effective than off-the-shelf sprays.

Recommended for German cockroaches and Brown banded cockroaches, as well as American cockroaches (Palmetto bugs, Water bugs, Tree roaches, Sewer roaches), and Oriental cockroaches when they enter in large numbers.

CimeXa is an effective indoor crack and crevice treatment. For best results, use alongside Advion Gel Bait and Gentrol IGR.

Insecticidal dusts like CimeXa work best when applied with a duster tool. This inexpensive diatomaceous earth duster works fine with CimeXa, Delta Dust, and other recommended dusts.

Advion first poisons the roaches that eat it, then others in a secondary kill. For the most effective indoor treatment, combine with CimeXa insecticidal dust and Gentrol IGR.

Gentrol is an insect growth regulator (IGR) that interferes with roach reproduction. Its most effective used alongside Advion Gel Bait and CimeXa insecticidal dust.

Recommended for American cockroaches (Palmetto bugs, Water bugs, Tree roaches, Sewer roaches), Oriental cockroaches, and Smokybrown cockroaches.

When used on exterior foundations, entries, and walls, Suspend insecticidal liquid stops outdoor roaches before they get in. It requires a separate sprayer (see below), and works best alongside a granular outdoor bait like Intice and an outdoor crack and crevice treatment like Delta Dust.

Liquid pesticides require a separate sprayer. This inexpensive pump sprayer works fine for smaller jobs.

InTice is a granular bait that kills roaches outdoors and in spaces like your garage or attic. Used alongside a spray treatment like Bayer Suspend and a crack and crevice treatment like Delta Dust, it can protect the entire perimeter of your home.

Waterproof and long-lasting, Delta Dust is a crack and crevice treatment effective in high-moisture areas such as attics, exterior walls, and plumbing lines. Delta Dust is regulated and unavailable in some areas.

The first step toward tackling a pest control problem is to find out what kind of pest youre dealing with. Cockroaches are very dangerous pests that can contaminate food and spread disease. Quite a few insects indeed resemble cockroaches but you can use the information in this article to differentiate between cockroaches and some of their less dangerous lookalikes.

Proper identification is important because different pests require different management strategies. After reading about the six types of bugs that look like roaches (but arent), you can make a more informed decision about how to control the pests. Armed with this new knowledge, youll be better prepared to go out and do battle against whatever pesky insect has invaded your domain.

Most household roaches range in color from the dull yellowish brown of the German cockroach to the dark brown, almost black of the Oriental cockroach. Other roaches will be varying shades and tones of brown.

Though some cockroaches may resemble some beetles, theyre a different type of insect. Cockroaches are actually much more closely related to termites than to beetles.

When you see a very large cockroach, its typically an American cockroach (the largest common cockroach at up two inches long or longer), an Oriental cockroach, or a smoky brown cockroach.

All pest cockroaches have oblong bodies, short spiny legs, and long antennae. There are a few small cockroaches to be on the lookout for, though. The German cockroach, the brown-banded cockroach, and any baby cockroach whose presence can indicate an infestation.

Written by Andrew Martin. Reviewed by Rae Osborn, PhD.


Andrew writes for, and along with his daughter, publishes Cockroach Facts. You can read more about him here.

Science Editor

Dr. Rae Osborn holds Honors Bachelor of Science degrees in Zoology and Entomology, and a Master of Science in Entomology from the University of Natal in South Africa. She holds a PhD in Quantitative Biology from the University of Texas at Arlington, where her research was in Entomology. You can learn more about our contributors here.


Miller, Renee (n.d.) Bugs & Insects That Look Like Cockroaches. Hunker. Retrieved from

Waterbugs vs Cockroaches: How To Tell The Difference. (n.d.) Aerex Pest Control. Retrieved from

Is it a Bed Bug, Cockroach, or Carpet Beetle? (n.d.) NYC Health. Retrieved from

A Look at Bed Bug Look-Alikes. (2013) PCT. Retrieved from

Kulikowski, Mick. (2018) How Solitary Cockroaches Gave Rise to Social Termites: Tales from Two Genomes. NC State University News. Retrieved from

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Bugs That Look Like Roaches (But Aren't) | Cockroach Facts

Poop, blood, bedbugs and needles: Report reveals how filthy NYC subway is – indy100

June 21st, 2021 by admin

The New York subway system saw a spike in filthy train cars last month, after five months of an overall decline in truly gross rides, according to internal reports from the Metropolitan Transit Authority.

The New York Post reports that May 2021 saw 132 isolated incidents of soiled train car interiors, up from 118 in May 2020, when high Covid rates in New York City decreased ridership.

It includes 27 reports of trains covered in poop, 26 trains with vomit inside, 21 soaked in urine and six cars with blood, according to MTA records.

There were, of course, previously fewer people on the subway in 2020, but as New Yorkers and tourists make their way back, the trains are likely to experience turbulence as people readjust to the daily commute.

Last month, soiled cars resulted in more than 25 hours of delays, per the internal documents.

Beyond human waste, trashed cars and Covid-19 cleaning amounts for the pulled trains. At least 19 of the 132 reports on cars also mentioned either homeless of unruly subway riders, according to the Post.

One train had needles scattered across the floor, while another had an apparent bed bug infestation.

Workers recorded a total of 1,090 soiled cars in 2021 through June 14, the MTA said.

New York saw a sharp increase in homelessness during its heightened pandemic year, and the reality facing many without shelter continues, even as the city returns to form around it. Increased presence of unhoused people on the subway, which provides shelter for many, is thought to be a symptom of this wave.

The unruly behavior is also troubling, and something to address, according to a statement from MTA spokesman Andrei Berman.

Incidents like this are unfortunate. Theyre unsanitary for our customers and deeply unfair and disturbing for transit cleaners, he said. Theyre also a reminder of the need for more mental health outreach and social service support in the city and throughout the system.

The rest is here:
Poop, blood, bedbugs and needles: Report reveals how filthy NYC subway is - indy100

Massachusetts plans to invest $2.8B in federal COVID-19 funding to support economic recovery, communities hit hardest by pandemic –

June 21st, 2021 by admin

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Have a Severe Reaction to a Bug Bite? It Could Be Papular Urticaria – msnNOW

June 5th, 2021 by admin

3 Tips to Avoid Insect Bites and Stings

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Nobody likes bug bites, but people with papular urticaria have an especially good reason to hate them.

Papular urticaria is a hypersensitivity to bug bites. The condition causes a bump or red welts on the skin in reaction to an insect bite or sting.

In people with papular urticaria, these bites cause long-lasting, red, raised, itchy bumps to develop on the skin. It can also cause small blisters (called vesicles) to form on the skin, sometimes in clusters.

This condition is common and mainly impacts children, though anyone can develop it at any age.

A 2017 study published in the World Allergy Organization Journal suggests these severe bug bite reactions may affect around 20 percent of children aged one to six. Because much of the research is conducted in children, the prevalence in adults is unclear.

Here's what you need to know about papular urticaria, including how to identify and treat it.

People with papular urticaria develop raised, red, hard bumps (called papules) after being bitten by a bug. Typically, each papule has a small tip or raised point.

Papular urticaria can also cause blisters that contain fluid, which might be clear, yellowish, or dark-colored.

Papules and blisters caused by papular urticaria also tend to:

In very young children, symptoms may develop very quickly after the child is bitten.

With age, the reaction often takes longer to develop, or becomes delayed. In these cases, it can be nearly impossible to tell where the initial bite occurred and when.

(These are the bug bite symptoms you shouldn't ignore.)

When an insect bites and breaks the skin, it introduces foreign protein into the skin, explains Walter M. Ryan III, DO, an osteopathic doctor and allergist with the Florida Center for Allergy & Asthma Care in Boca Raton and Coral Springs.

Our immune cells do not recognize these foreign proteins, which spark an inflammatory process known as an allergic reaction. The body's goal: to destroy and remove the unknown proteins.

This inflammatory process is usually triggered by the release of a chemical called histamine from specialized immune cells known as mast cells.

"When histamine is released after insect bites, it makes our skin turn red, activates itch sensation, and often leaves elevated bumps called papules," says Danilo Del Campo, MD, a dermatologist with the Chicago Skin Clinic.

Most people develop some minor, temporary itchiness, redness, and a bit of swelling from bug bites.

But in people with papular urticaria, regular bug bites cause an exaggerated immune response and symptoms that are more severe and long-lasting.

Researchers believe that papular urticaria is a hypersensitivity, or increased sensitivity, an allergic reaction to bug bites, says Dr. Del Campo.

(These are the bug bites that need medical attention now.)

The bumps and blisters associated with papular urticaria tend to last for days to weeks. In some cases, they may even stick around for several months.

Someone may also continue to develop new clusters or crops of bumps and blisters for monthseven yearsafter the reaction first started.

Thankfully, the reaction tends to lessen over time.

As children grow older, their immune systems gradually become less sensitive to bug bites. So over time, the average child with papular urticaria will react less severely to bug bites, and the reaction will take longer to develop.

While adults can develop papular urticaria, most people become less sensitive to bug bites by age seven.

Hives, or urticaria, are round, red, raised, solid bumps that are very itchy. Press on hives, and they'll blanch (turn white in the center).

Despite its name, papular urticaria does not cause real hives. "Papular urticaria is not actual urticaria," says Dr. Ryan.

True hives cause welts or bumps that last for less than 24 hours. Papules and blisters associated with papular urticaria last a matter of days or weeks.

All biting insects can cause a papular urticaria reaction, but flea and mite bites are the most common triggers.

Other bugs that are known to cause papular urticaria reactions include:

A doctor will diagnose someone with papular urticaria by examining their skin and areas with symptoms.

They will also ask questions about:

A doctor may also take a biopsya small sample of affected skinto examine under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis. Most bug bites create specific microscopic patterns.

Experts say that despite how common it is, papular urticaria can be difficult to diagnose and often goes overlooked.

That's why it is important to seek care from a skin specialist like a board-certified dermatologist.

"Any MD can diagnose this condition, but board-certified dermatologists are most familiar in diagnosing and treating this condition," says Dr. Del Campo.

He suggests that people use the American Academy of Dermatology's Find a Dermatologist tool to location a board-certified doctor nearby.

Treatment options for papular urticaria tend to focus on reducing the size and itchiness of bumps to relieve symptoms and make someone less likely to scratch and worsen the reaction.

Products or medications may also help prevent infection or keep the skin from drying out and becoming itchier.

"In general, avoiding scratching at the bumps, getting relief from itching, and avoiding further insect bites are the key factors in management," says Dr. Del Campo. "Dermatologists often prescribe a topical medication to assist in relieving symptoms since chronic itching can lead to skin infections, broken-down skin, and impaired sleep due to itching."

The best treatment, or combination of treatments, depends largely on how severe someone's symptoms are. But some common treatment options for papular urticaria include:

These creams or ointments contain compounds, such as hydrocortisone, that reduce inflammation. They may also make symptoms go away quicker.

Apply topical steroids to affected areas of skin as soon as symptoms develop. You can get them in over-the-counter strengths, or by prescription.

These medications prevent the release of histamine when taken daily. They're often taken to reduce existing symptoms or as a preventative measure during times of the year symptoms tend to occur.

Most antihistamines are available over the counter, though stronger prescription versions exist.

These creams contain compounds that kill microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi that can cause infection.

Microorganisms can enter the skin through tears or cuts or when someone scratches their skin with their fingernails.

Antiseptic creams are readily available over the counter but can come in prescription strength.

Applying moisturizing creams, gels, or ointments to impacted areas of the skin a few times daily, especially after bathing, can help reduce dryness and itchiness.

Moisturizers are available over the counter or in prescription strength.

Certain creams, gels, ointments, or other formulas contain compounds that prevent itchiness by temporarily cooling or numbing the skin. One such soothing treatment is calamine lotion.

Dr. Ryan suggests using anti-itch products with menthol, camphor, or pramoxine.

Some pain-relieving products may also create a sensation such as warmth, cooling, or slight burning to distract someone from itchiness.

Most of these products are available over the counter. Do not apply anti-itch or pain-relieving creams to broken skin or open sores.

Bumps and blisters caused by papular urticaria can leave behind dark spots on the skin once they heal.

Keeping these areas covered with sunscreen whenever they are in the sun will help these dark spots heal and fade quicker.

Make sure to use unscented sunscreen; those with heavy scents can attract bugs.

(Here are more ways to treat common types of bug bites and stings.)

Experts claim there is really only one way to prevent papular urticaria: prevent bug bites.

This may be easier said than done, especially for those who love the outdoors. But there are plenty of ways to reduce the likelihood of getting a bug bite.

Use insect repellant sprays or lotions when outdoors. Look for products with the insecticide DEET, a bug-killing chemical. Or try other bug-repelling products.

Remember to wear long-sleeved shirts, socks, and full-length pants in areas where bugs are very active. Tuck your pant legs into socks and closed-toed shoes or boots.

Avoid spending time outdoors during times of the day when bugs are especially active, such as dawn and dust. If you do go outside during peak times, wear protective equipment, such as a hat with mosquito netting.

Lastly, be sure to avoid areas with standing water, such as marshes, ponds, and other wetland environments.

Stay on cleared paths or trails when hiking or going for a walk. Avoid going around places bugs are most active or looking to attach to clothing or skin, such as around trees, flowers, shrubs, bushes, wood or leaf piles, or tall grass.

Be sure to avoid going in the deep woods in the warmer months of the year.

When outside, try not to brush up against plants.

If bugs come near or swarm around you, remain calm. Walk away from them to prevent scaring them and increasing the risk they will bite or sting.

Keep an eye out forand avoidbug nests, mounds, or hives.

Lastly, make sure you check clothes, footwear, and equipment for bugs before bringing them into the house.

Check the whole body for bug or bug bites after being outdoors. In particular, look in places like the backs of your knees, around your waist, in your hair, in your armpits, and between your legs.

At home, regularly check bedding, carpets, and other fabric surfaces or wood furniture for bugs or signs of bugs, like biting or chewing marks, burrowing holes, or feces and dead skins/shells.

Treat household pets for fleas and mites using solutions applied to the animal's skin, sprayed on its fur, or in the form of a collar. Treat household pets for ticks and other parasites if they go outdoors.

For pets with bug infestations, be sure to seek veterinary care.

If you're treatingminor bug infestations, use household insecticides. Be sure to get an exterminator service to handle more severe infestations.

When at home, use screens on windows and doors, and keep household doors and windows shut if they are not screened. Watch for signs of biting insects like bed bugs to catch potential infestations as soon as possible.

Also, try to avoid eating and drinking outside in areas where bugs are common. Food can attract bugs to you even more.

Following the above tips and tricks can help you lessen your chances of getting bug bites.

Next, learn about the "harmless" bugs you didn't know could bite you.

The post Have a Severe Reaction to a Bug Bite? It Could Be Papular Urticaria appeared first on The Healthy.

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Have a Severe Reaction to a Bug Bite? It Could Be Papular Urticaria - msnNOW

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